The First and Second

Book of Maccabees

Complete Text


The First Book of


1:1 And it happened, after that Alexander son of Philip, the

Macedonian, who came out of the land of Chettiim, had smitten

Darius king of the Persians and Medes, that he reigned in his

stead, the first over Greece,

1:2 And made many wars, and won many strong holds, and slew the

kings of the earth,

1:3 And went through to the ends of the earth, and took spoils of

many nations, insomuch that the earth was quiet before him;

whereupon he was exalted and his heart was lifted up.

1:4 And he gathered a mighty strong host and ruled over countries,

and nations, and kings, who became tributaries unto him.

1:5 And after these things he fell sick, and perceived that he should


1:6 Wherefore he called his servants, such as were honourable, and

had been brought up with him from his youth, and parted his

kingdom among them, while he was yet alive.

1:7 So Alexander reigned twelves years, and then died.

1:8 And his servants bare rule every one in his place.

1:9 And after his death they all put crowns upon themselves; so did

their sons after them many years: and evils were multiplied in the


1:10 And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed

Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage

at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh

year of the kingdom of the Greeks.

1:11 In those days went there out of Israel wicked men, who

persuaded many, saying, Let us go and make a covenant with the

heathen that are round about us: for since we departed from them

we have had much sorrow.

1:12 So this device pleased them well.

1:13 Then certain of the people were so forward herein, that they went

to the king, who gave them licence to do after the ordinances of

the heathen:

1:14 Whereupon they built a place of exercise at Jerusalem according

to the customs of the heathen:

1:15 And made themselves uncircumcised, and forsook the holy

covenant, and joined themselves to the heathen, and were sold to

do mischief.

1:16 Now when the kingdom was established before Antiochus, he

thought to reign over Egypt that he might have the dominion of

two realms.

1:17 Wherefore he entered into Egypt with a great multitude, with

chariots, and elephants, and horsemen, and a great navy,

1:18 And made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt: but Ptolemee was

afraid of him, and fled; and many were wounded to death.

1:19 Thus they got the strong cities in the land of Egypt and he took

the spoils thereof.

1:20 And after that Antiochus had smitten Egypt, he returned again in

the hundred forty and third year, and went up against Israel and

Jerusalem with a great multitude,

1:21 And entered proudly into the sanctuary, and took away the

golden altar, and the candlestick of light, and all the vessels


1:22 And the table of the shewbread, and the pouring vessels, and the

vials. and the censers of gold, and the veil, and the crown, and the

golden ornaments that were before the temple, all which he pulled


1:23 He took also the silver and the gold, and the precious vessels: also

he took the hidden treasures which he found.

1:24 And when he had taken all away, he went into his own land,

having made a great massacre, and spoken very proudly.

1:25 Therefore there was a great mourning in Israel, in every place

where they were;

1:26 So that the princes and elders mourned, the virgins and young

men were made feeble, and the beauty of women was changed.

1:27 Every bridegroom took up lamentation, and she that sat in the

marriage chamber was in heaviness,

1:28 The land also was moved for the inhabitants thereof, and all the

house of Jacob was covered with confusion.

1:29 And after two years fully expired the king sent his chief collector

of tribute unto the cities of Juda, who came unto Jerusalem with a

great multitude,

1:30 And spake peaceable words unto them, but all was deceit: for

when they had given him credence, he fell suddenly upon the city,

and smote it very sore, and destroyed much people of Israel.

1:31 And when he had taken the spoils of the city, he set it on fire, and

pulled down the houses and walls thereof on every side.

1:32 But the women and children took they captive, and possessed the


1:33 Then builded they the city of David with a great and strong wall,

and with mighty towers, and made it a strong hold for them.

1:34 And they put therein a sinful nation, wicked men, and fortified

themselves therein.

1:35 They stored it also with armour and victuals, and when they had

gathered together the spoils of Jerusalem, they laid them up there,

and so they became a sore snare:

1:36 For it was a place to lie in wait against the sanctuary, and an evil

adversary to Israel.

1:37 Thus they shed innocent blood on every side of the sanctuary,

and defiled it:

1:38 Insomuch that the inhabitants of Jerusalem fled because of them:

whereupon the city was made an habitation of strangers, and

became strange to those that were born in her; and her own

children left her.

1:39 Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wilderness, her feasts were

turned into mourning, her sabbaths into reproach her honour into


1:40 As had been her glory, so was her dishonour increased, and her

excellency was turned into mourning.

1:41 Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all

should be one people,

1:42 And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen agreed

according to the commandment of the king.

1:43 Yea, many also of the Israelites consented to his religion, and

sacrificed unto idols, and profaned the sabbath.

1:44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and

the cities of Juda that they should follow the strange laws of the


1:45 And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink offerings, in

the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival


1:46 And pollute the sanctuary and holy people:

1:47 Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and sacrifice

swine's flesh, and unclean beasts:

1:48 That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and

make their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and


1:49 To the end they might forget the law, and change all the


1:50 And whosoever would not do according to the commandment of

the king, he said, he should die.

1:51 In the selfsame manner wrote he to his whole kingdom, and

appointed overseers over all the people, commanding the cities of

Juda to sacrifice, city by city.

1:52 Then many of the people were gathered unto them, to wit every

one that forsook the law; and so they committed evils in the land;

1:53 And drove the Israelites into secret places, even wheresoever they

could flee for succour.

1:54 Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred forty

and fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation upon the

altar, and builded idol altars throughout the cities of Juda on every


1:55 And burnt incense at the doors of their houses, and in the streets.

1:56 And when they had rent in pieces the books of the law which

they found, they burnt them with fire.

1:57 And whosoever was found with any the book of the testament, or

if any committed to the law, the king's commandment was, that

they should put him to death.

1:58 Thus did they by their authority unto the Israelites every month,

to as many as were found in the cities.

1:59 Now the five and twentieth day of the month they did sacrifice

upon the idol altar, which was upon the altar of God.

1:60 At which time according to the commandment they put to death

certain women, that had caused their children to be circumcised.

1:61 And they hanged the infants about their necks, and rifled their

houses, and slew them that had circumcised them.

1:62 Howbeit many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in

themselves not to eat any unclean thing.

1:63 Wherefore the rather to die, that they might not be defiled with

meats, and that they might not profane the holy covenant: so then

they died.

1:64 And there was very great wrath upon Israel.


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2:1 In those days arose Mattathias the son of John, the son of

Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and dwelt

in Modin.

2:2 And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis:

2:3 Simon; called Thassi:

2:4 Judas, who was called Maccabeus:

2:5 Eleazar, called Avaran: and Jonathan, whose surname was


2:6 And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Juda

and Jerusalem,

2:7 He said, Woe is me! wherefore was I born to see this misery of

my people, and of the holy city, and to dwell there, when it was

delivered into the hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the

hand of strangers?

2:8 Her temple is become as a man without glory.

2:9 Her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity, her infants

are slain in the streets, her young men with the sword of the


2:10 What nation hath not had a part in her kingdom and gotten of her


2:11 All her ornaments are taken away; of a free woman she is become

a bondslave.

2:12 And, behold, our sanctuary, even our beauty and our glory, is laid

waste, and the Gentiles have profaned it.

2:13 To what end therefore shall we live any longer?

2:14 Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put on

sackcloth, and mourned very sore.

2:15 In the mean while the king's officers, such as compelled the

people to revolt, came into the city Modin, to make them


2:16 And when many of Israel came unto them, Mattathias also and

his sons came together.

2:17 Then answered the king's officers, and said to Mattathias on this

wise, Thou art a ruler, and an honourable and great man in this

city, and strengthened with sons and brethren:

2:18 Now therefore come thou first, and fulfil the king's

commandment, like as all the heathen have done, yea, and the men

of Juda also, and such as remain at Jerusalem: so shalt thou and

thy house be in the number of the king's friends, and thou and thy

children shall be honoured with silver and gold, and many


2:19 Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though

all the nations that are under the king's dominion obey him, and

fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give

consent to his commandments:

2:20 Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant of

our fathers.

2:21 God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.

2:22 We will not hearken to the king's words, to go from our religion,

either on the right hand, or the left.

2:23 Now when he had left speaking these words, there came one of

the Jews in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was at

Modin, according to the king's commandment.

2:24 Which thing when Mattathias saw, he was inflamed with zeal,

and his reins trembled, neither could he forbear to shew his anger

according to judgment: wherefore he ran, and slew him upon the


2:25 Also the king's commissioner, who compelled men to sacrifice, he

killed at that time, and the altar he pulled down.

2:26 Thus dealt he zealously for the law of God like as Phinees did

unto Zambri the son of Salom.

2:27 And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a loud voice,

saying, Whosoever is zealous of the law, and maintaineth the

covenant, let him follow me.

2:28 So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that ever

they had in the city.

2:29 Then many that sought after justice and judgment went down into

the wilderness, to dwell there:

2:30 Both they, and their children, and their wives; and their cattle;

because afflictions increased sore upon them.

2:31 Now when it was told the king's servants, and the host that was

at Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who had

broken the king's commandment, were gone down into the secret

places in the wilderness,

2:32 They pursued after them a great number, and having overtaken

them, they camped against them, and made war against them on

the sabbath day.

2:33 And they said unto them, Let that which ye have done hitherto

suffice; come forth, and do according to the commandment of the

king, and ye shall live.

2:34 But they said, We will not come forth, neither will we do the

king's commandment, to profane the sabbath day.

2:35 So then they gave them the battle with all speed.

2:36 Howbeit they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at

them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid;

2:37 But said, Let us die all in our innocency: heaven and earth will

testify for us, that ye put us to death wrongfully.

2:38 So they rose up against them in battle on the sabbath, and they

slew them, with their wives and children and their cattle, to the

number of a thousand people.

2:39 Now when Mattathias and his friends understood hereof, they

mourned for them right sore.

2:40 And one of them said to another, If we all do as our brethren have

done, and fight not for our lives and laws against the heathen,

they will now quickly root us out of the earth.

2:41 At that time therefore they decreed, saying, Whosoever shall

come to make battle with us on the sabbath day, we will fight

against him; neither will we die all, as our brethren that were

murdered im the secret places.

2:42 Then came there unto him a company of Assideans who were

mighty men of Israel, even all such as were voluntarily devoted

unto the law.

2:43 Also all they that fled for persecution joined themselves unto

them, and were a stay unto them.

2:44 So they joined their forces, and smote sinful men in their anger,

and wicked men in their wrath: but the rest fled to the heathen for


2:45 Then Mattathias and his friends went round about, and pulled

down the altars:

2:46 And what children soever they found within the coast of Israel

uncircumcised, those they circumcised valiantly.

2:47 They pursued also after the proud men, and the work prospered

in their hand.

2:48 So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles, and out

of the hand of kings, neither suffered they the sinner to triumph.

2:49 Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die, he said

unto his sons, Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength, and the

time of destruction, and the wrath of indignation:

2:50 Now therefore, my sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give your

lives for the covenant of your fathers.

2:51 Call to remembrance what acts our fathers did in their time; so

shall ye receive great honour and an everlasting name.

2:52 Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was

imputed unto him for righteousness?

2:53 Joseph in the time of his distress kept the commandment and was

made lord of Egypt.

2:54 Phinees our father in being zealous and fervent obtained the

covenant of an everlasting priesthood.

2:55 Jesus for fulfilling the word was made a judge in Israel.

2:56 Caleb for bearing witness before the congregation received the

heritage of the land.

2:57 David for being merciful possessed the throne of an everlasting


2:58 Elias for being zealous and fervent for the law was taken up into


2:59 Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by believing were saved out of the


2:60 Daniel for his innocency was delivered from the mouth of lions.

2:61 And thus consider ye throughout all ages, that none that put their

trust in him shall be overcome.

2:62 Fear not then the words of a sinful man: for his glory shall be

dung and worms.

2:63 To day he shall be lifted up and to morrow he shall not be found,

because he is returned into his dust, and his thought is come to


2:64 Wherefore, ye my sons, be valiant and shew yourselves men in

the behalf of the law; for by it shall ye obtain glory.

2:65 And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsel,

give ear unto him alway: he shall be a father unto you.

2:66 As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath been mighty and strong, even

from his youth up: let him be your captain, and fight the battle of

the people.

2:67 Take also unto you all those that observe the law, and avenge ye

the wrong of your people.

2:68 Recompense fully the heathen, and take heed to the

commandments of the law.

2:69 So he blessed them, and was gathered to his fathers.

2:70 And he died in the hundred forty and sixth year, and his sons

buried him in the sepulchres of his fathers at Modin, and all Israel

made great lamentation for him.


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3:1 Then his son Judas, called Maccabeus, rose up in his stead.

3:2 And all his brethren helped him, and so did all they that held with

his father, and they fought with cheerfulness the battle of Israel.

3:3 So he gat his people great honour, and put on a breastplate as a

giant, and girt his warlike harness about him, and he made battles,

protecting the host with his sword.

3:4 In his acts he was like a lion, and like a lion's whelp roaring for his


3:5 For He pursued the wicked, and sought them out, and burnt up

those that vexed his people.

3:6 Wherefore the wicked shrunk for fear of him, and all the workers

of iniquity were troubled, because salvation prospered in his


3:7 He grieved also many kings, and made Jacob glad with his acts,

and his memorial is blessed for ever.

3:8 Moreover he went through the cities of Juda, destroying the

ungodly out of them, and turning away wrath from Israel:

3:9 So that he was renowned unto the utmost part of the earth, and

he received unto him such as were ready to perish.

3:10 Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles together, and a great host

out of Samaria, to fight against Israel.

3:11 Which thing when Judas perceived, he went forth to meet him,

and so he smote him, and slew him: many also fell down slain, but

the rest fled.

3:12 Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and Apollonius' sword also,

and therewith he fought all his life long.

3:13 Now when Seron, a prince of the army of Syria, heard say that

Judas had gathered unto him a multitude and company of the

faithful to go out with him to war;

3:14 He said, I will get me a name and honour in the kingdom; for I will

go fight with Judas and them that are with him, who despise the

king's commandment.

3:15 So he made him ready to go up, and there went with him a mighty

host of the ungodly to help him, and to be avenged of the children

of Israel.

3:16 And when he came near to the going up of Bethhoron, Judas went

forth to meet him with a small company:

3:17 Who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said unto

Judas, How shall we be able, being so few, to fight against so

great a multitude and so strong, seeing we are ready to faint with

fasting all this day?

3:18 Unto whom Judas answered, It is no hard matter for many to be

shut up in the hands of a few; and with the God of heaven it is all

one, to deliver with a great multitude, or a small company:

3:19 For the victory of battle standeth not in the multitude of an host;

but strength cometh from heaven.

3:20 They come against us in much pride and iniquity to destroy us,

and our wives and children, and to spoil us:

3:21 But we fight for our lives and our laws.

3:22 Wherefore the Lord himself will overthrow them before our face:

and as for you, be ye not afraid of them.

3:23 Now as soon as he had left off speaking, he leapt suddenly upon

them, and so Seron and his host was overthrown before him.

3:24 And they pursued them from the going down of Bethhoron unto

the plain, where were slain about eight hundred men of them; and

the residue fled into the land of the Philistines.

3:25 Then began the fear of Judas and his brethren, and an exceeding

great dread, to fall upon the nations round about them:

3:26 Insomuch as his fame came unto the king, and all nations talked of

the battles of Judas.

3:27 Now when king Antiochus heard these things, he was full of

indignation: wherefore he sent and gathered together all the forces

of his realm, even a very strong army.

3:28 He opened also his treasure, and gave his soldiers pay for a year,

commanding them to be ready whensoever he should need them.

3:29 Nevertheless, when he saw that the money of his treasures failed

and that the tributes in the country were small, because of the

dissension and plague, which he had brought upon the land in

taking away the laws which had been of old time;

3:30 He feared that he should not be able to bear the charges any

longer, nor to have such gifts to give so liberally as he did before:

for he had abounded above the kings that were before him.

3:31 Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in his mind, he determined to

go into Persia, there to take the tributes of the countries, and to

gather much money.

3:32 So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one of the blood royal, to

oversee the affairs of the king from the river Euphrates unto the

borders of Egypt:

3:33 And to bring up his son Antiochus, until he came again.

3:34 Moreover he delivered unto him the half of his forces, and the

elephants, and gave him charge of all things that he would have

done, as also concerning them that dwelt in Juda and Jerusalem:

3:35 To wit, that he should send an army against them, to destroy and

root out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and

to take away their memorial from that place;

3:36 And that he should place strangers in all their quarters, and divide

their land by lot.

3:37 So the king took the half of the forces that remained, and departed

from Antioch, his royal city, the hundred forty and seventh year;

and having passed the river Euphrates, he went through the high


3:38 Then Lysias chose Ptolemee the son of Dorymenes, Nicanor, and

Gorgias, mighty men of the king's friends:

3:39 And with them he sent forty thousand footmen, and seven

thousand horsemen, to go into the land of Juda, and to destroy it,

as the king commanded.

3:40 So they went forth with all their power, and came and pitched by

Emmaus in the plain country.

3:41 And the merchants of the country, hearing the fame of them, took

silver and gold very much, with servants, and came into the camp

to buy the children of Israel for slaves: a power also of Syria and

of the land of the Philistines joined themselves unto them.

3:42 Now when Judas and his brethren saw that miseries were

multiplied, and that the forces did encamp themselves in their

borders: for they knew how the king had given commandment to

destroy the people, and utterly abolish them;

3:43 They said one to another, Let us restore the decayed fortune of

our people, and let us fight for our people and the sanctuary.

3:44 Then was the congregation gathered together, that they might be

ready for battle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy and


3:45 Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness, there was none of her

children that went in or out: the sanctuary also was trodden

down, and aliens kept the strong hold; the heathen had their

habitation in that place; and joy was taken from Jacob, and the

pipe with the harp ceased.

3:46 Wherefore the Israelites assembled themselves together, and came

to Maspha, over against Jerusalem; for in Maspha was the place

where they prayed aforetime in Israel.

3:47 Then they fasted that day, and put on sackcloth, and cast ashes

upon their heads, and rent their clothes,

3:48 And laid open the book of the law, wherein the heathen had

sought to paint the likeness of their images.

3:49 They brought also the priests' garments, and the firstfruits, and

the tithes: and the Nazarites they stirred up, who had

accomplished their days.

3:50 Then cried they with a loud voice toward heaven, saying, What

shall we do with these, and whither shall we carry them away?

3:51 For thy sanctuary is trodden down and profaned, and thy priests

are in heaviness, and brought low.

3:52 And lo, the heathen are assembled together against us to destroy

us: what things they imagine against us, thou knowest.

3:53 How shall we be able to stand against them, except thou, O God,

be our help?

3:54 Then sounded they with trumpets, and cried with a loud voice.

3:55 And after this Judas ordained captains over the people, even

captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and

over tens.

3:56 But as for such as were building houses, or had betrothed wives,

or were planting vineyards, or were fearful, those he commanded

that they should return, every man to his own house, according to

the law.

3:57 So the camp removed, and pitched upon the south side of


3:58 And Judas said, arm yourselves, and be valiant men, and see that

ye be in readiness against the morning, that ye may fight with

these nations, that are assembled together against us to destroy us

and our sanctuary:

3:59 For it is better for us to die in battle, than to behold the calamities

of our people and our sanctuary.

3:60 Nevertheless, as the will of God is in heaven, so let him do.


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4:1 Then took Gorgias five thousand footmen, and a thousand of the

best horsemen, and removed out of the camp by night;

4:2 To the end he might rush in upon the camp of the Jews, and smite

them suddenly. And the men of the fortress were his guides.

4:3 Now when Judas heard thereof he himself removed, and the

valiant men with him, that he might smite the king's army which

was at Emmaus,

4:4 While as yet the forces were dispersed from the camp.

4:5 In the mean season came Gorgias by night into the camp of Judas:

and when he found no man there, he sought them in the

mountains: for said he, These fellows flee from us

4:6 But as soon as it was day, Judas shewed himself in the plain with

three thousand men, who nevertheless had neither armour nor

swords to their minds.

4:7 And they saw the camp of the heathen, that it was strong and

well harnessed, and compassed round about with horsemen; and

these were expert of war.

4:8 Then said Judas to the men that were with him, Fear ye not their

multitude, neither be ye afraid of their assault.

4:9 Remember how our fathers were delivered in the Red sea, when

Pharaoh pursued them with an army.

4:10 Now therefore let us cry unto heaven, if peradventure the Lord

will have mercy upon us, and remember the covenant of our

fathers, and destroy this host before our face this day:

4:11 That so all the heathen may know that there is one who delivereth

and saveth Israel.

4:12 Then the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them coming over

against them.

4:13 Wherefore they went out of the camp to battle; but they that

were with Judas sounded their trumpets.

4:14 So they joined battle, and the heathen being discomfited fled into

the plain.

4:15 Howbeit all the hindmost of them were slain with the sword: for

they pursued them unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea,

and Azotus, and Jamnia, so that there were slain of them upon a

three thousand men.

4:16 This done, Judas returned again with his host from pursuing


4:17 And said to the people, Be not greedy of the spoil inasmuch as

there is a battle before us,

4:18 And Gorgias and his host are here by us in the mountain: but

stand ye now against our enemies, and overcome them, and after

this ye may boldly take the spoils.

4:19 As Judas was yet speaking these words, there appeared a part of

them looking out of the mountain:

4:20 Who when they perceived that the Jews had put their host to

flight and were burning the tents; for the smoke that was seen

declared what was done:

4:21 When therefore they perceived these things, they were sore

afraid, and seeing also the host of Judas in the plain ready to fight,

4:22 They fled every one into the land of strangers.

4:23 Then Judas returned to spoil the tents, where they got much gold,

and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great riches.

4:24 After this they went home, and sung a song of thanksgiving, and

praised the Lord in heaven: because it is good, because his mercy

endureth forever.

4:25 Thus Israel had a great deliverance that day.

4:26 Now all the strangers that had escaped came and told Lysias what

had happened:

4:27 Who, when he heard thereof, was confounded and discouraged,

because neither such things as he would were done unto Israel,

nor such things as the king commanded him were come to pass.

4:28 The next year therefore following Lysias gathered together

threescore thousand choice men of foot, and five thousand

horsemen, that he might subdue them.

4:29 So they came into Idumea, and pitched their tents at Bethsura,

and Judas met them with ten thousand men.

4:30 And when he saw that mighty army, he prayed and said, Blessed

art thou, O Saviour of Israel, who didst quell the violence of the

mighty man by the hand of thy servant David, and gavest the

host of strangers into the hands of Jonathan the son of Saul, and

his armourbearer;

4:31 Shut up this army in the hand of thy people Israel, and let them

be confounded in their power and horsemen:

4:32 Make them to be of no courage, and cause the boldness of their

strength to fall away, and let them quake at their destruction:

4:33 Cast them down with the sword of them that love thee, and let all

those that know thy name praise thee with thanksgiving.

4:34 So they joined battle; and there were slain of the host of Lysias

about five thousand men, even before them were they slain.

4:35 Now when Lysias saw his army put to flight, and the manliness

of Judas' soldiers, and how they were ready either to live or die

valiantly, he went into Antiochia, and gathered together a

company of strangers, and having made his army greater than it

was, he purposed to come again into Judea.

4:36 Then said Judas and his brethren, Behold, our enemies are

discomfited: let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary.

4:37 Upon this all the host assembled themselves together, and went

up into mount Sion.

4:38 And when they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar

profaned, and the gates burned up, and shrubs growing in the

courts as in a forest, or in one of the mountains, yea, and the

priests' chambers pulled down;

4:39 They rent their clothes, and made great lamentation, and cast

ashes upon their heads,

4:40 And fell down flat to the ground upon their faces, and blew an

alarm with the trumpets, and cried toward heaven.

4:41 Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those that were

in the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary.

4:42 So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such as had

pleasure in the law:

4:43 Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bare out the defiled stones into

an unclean place.

4:44 And when as they consulted what to do with the altar of burnt

offerings, which was profaned;

4:45 They thought it best to pull it down, lest it should be a reproach

to them, because the heathen had defiled it: wherefore they pulled

it down,

4:46 And laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple in a

convenient place, until there should come a prophet to shew what

should be done with them.

4:47 Then they took whole stones according to the law, and built a

new altar according to the former;

4:48 And made up the sanctuary, and the things that were within the

temple, and hallowed the courts.

4:49 They made also new holy vessels, and into the temple they

brought the candlestick, and the altar of burnt offerings, and of

incense, and the table.

4:50 And upon the altar they burned incense, and the lamps that were

upon the candlestick they lighted, that they might give light in the


4:51 Furthermore they set the loaves upon the table, and spread out

the veils, and finished all the works which they had begun to


4:52 Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month, which is

called the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and eighth year,

they rose up betimes in the morning,

4:53 And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of

burnt offerings, which they had made.

4:54 Look, at what time and what day the heathen had profaned it,

even in that was it dedicated with songs, and citherns, and harps,

and cymbals.

4:55 Then all the people fell upon their faces, worshipping and

praising the God of heaven, who had given them good success.

4:56 And so they kept the dedication of the altar eight days and

offered burnt offerings with gladness, and sacrificed the sacrifice

of deliverance and praise.

4:57 They decked also the forefront of the temple with crowns of gold,

and with shields; and the gates and the chambers they renewed,

and hanged doors upon them.

4:58 Thus was there very great gladness among the people, for that the

reproach of the heathen was put away.

4:59 Moreover Judas and his brethren with the whole congregation of

Israel ordained, that the days of the dedication of the altar should

be kept in their season from year to year by the space of eight

days, from the five and twentieth day of the month Casleu, with

mirth and gladness.

4:60 At that time also they builded up the mount Sion with high walls

and strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should come and

tread it down as they had done before.

4:61 And they set there a garrison to keep it, and fortified Bethsura to

preserve it; that the people might have a defence against Idumea.


The First Book of



5:1 Now when the nations round about heard that the altar was built

and the sanctuary renewed as before, it displeased them very


5:2 Wherefore they thought to destroy the generation of Jacob that

was among them, and thereupon they began to slay and destroy

the people.

5:3 Then Judas fought against the children of Esau in Idumea at

Arabattine, because they besieged Gael: and he gave them a great

overthrow, and abated their courage, and took their spoils.

5:4 Also he remembered the injury of the children of Bean, who had

been a snare and an offence unto the people, in that they lay in

wait for them in the ways.

5:5 He shut them up therefore in the towers, and encamped against

them, and destroyed them utterly, and burned the towers of that

place with fire, and all that were therein.

5:6 Afterward he passed over to the children of Ammon, where he

found a mighty power, and much people, with Timotheus their


5:7 So he fought many battles with them, till at length they were

discomfited before him; and he smote them.

5:8 And when he had taken Jazar, with the towns belonging thereto,

he returned into Judea.

5:9 Then the heathen that were at Galaad assembled themselves

together against the Israelites that were in their quarters, to

destroy them; but they fled to the fortress of Dathema.

5:10 And sent letters unto Judas and his brethren, The heathen that are

round about us are assembled together against us to destroy us:

5:11 And they are preparing to come and take the fortress whereunto

we are fled, Timotheus being captain of their host.

5:12 Come now therefore, and deliver us from their hands, for many of

us are slain:

5:13 Yea, all our brethren that were in the places of Tobie are put to

death: their wives and their children also they have carried away

captives, and borne away their stuff; and they have destroyed

there about a thousand men.

5:14 While these letters were yet reading, behold, there came other

messengers from Galilee with their clothes rent, who reported on

this wise,

5:15 And said, They of Ptolemais, and of Tyrus, and Sidon, and all

Galilee of the Gentiles, are assembled together against us to

consume us.

5:16 Now when Judas and the people heard these words, there

assembled a great congregation together, to consult what they

should do for their brethren, that were in trouble, and assaulted of


5:17 Then said Judas unto Simon his brother, Choose thee out men,

and go and deliver thy brethren that are in Galilee, for I and

Jonathan my brother will go into the country of Galaad.

5:18 So he left Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of

the people, with the remnant of the host in Judea to keep it.

5:19 Unto whom he gave commandment, saying, Take ye the charge of

this people, and see that ye make not war against the heathen

until the time that we come again.

5:20 Now unto Simon were given three thousand men to go into

Galilee, and unto Judas eight thousand men for the country of


5:21 Then went Simon into Galilee, where he fought many battles with

the heathen, so that the heathen were discomfited by him.

5:22 And he pursued them unto the gate of Ptolemais; and there were

slain of the heathen about three thousand men, whose spoils he


5:23 And those that were in Galilee, and in Arbattis, with their wives

and their children, and all that they had, took he away with him,

and brought them into Judea with great joy.

5:24 Judas Maccabeus also and his brother Jonathan went over Jordan,

and travelled three days' journey in the wilderness,

5:25 Where they met with the Nabathites, who came unto them in a

peaceable manner, and told them every thing that had happened

to their brethren in the land of Galaad:

5:26 And how that many of them were shut up in Bosora, and Bosor,

and Alema, Casphor, Maked, and Carnaim; all these cities are

strong and great:

5:27 And that they were shut up in the rest of the cities of the country

of Galaad, and that against to morrow they had appointed to

bring their host against the forts, and to take them, and to destroy

them all in one day.

5:28 Hereupon Judas and his host turned suddenly by the way of the

wilderness unto Bosora; and when he had won the city, he slew

all the males with the edge of the sword, and took all their spoils,

and burned the city with fire,

5:29 From whence he removed by night, and went till he came to the


5:30 And betimes in the morning they looked up, and, behold, there

was an innumerable people bearing ladders and other engines of

war, to take the fortress: for they assaulted them.

5:31 When Judas therefore saw that the battle was begun, and that the

cry of the city went up to heaven, with trumpets, and a great


5:32 He said unto his host, Fight this day for your brethren.

5:33 So he went forth behind them in three companies, who sounded

their trumpets, and cried with prayer.

5:34 Then the host of Timotheus, knowing that it was Maccabeus, fled

from him: wherefore he smote them with a great slaughter; so that

there were killed of them that day about eight thousand men.

5:35 This done, Judas turned aside to Maspha; and after he had

assaulted it he took and slew all the males therein, and received

the spoils thereof and and burnt it with fire.

5:36 From thence went he, and took Casphon, Maged, Bosor, and the

other cities of the country of Galaad.

5:37 After these things gathered Timotheus another host and

encamped against Raphon beyond the brook.

5:38 So Judas sent men to espy the host, who brought him word,

saying, All the heathen that be round about us are assembled unto

them, even a very great host.

5:39 He hath also hired the Arabians to help them and they have

pitched their tents beyond the brook, ready to come and fight

against thee. Upon this Judas went to meet them.

5:40 Then Timotheus said unto the captains of his host, When Judas

and his host come near the brook, if he pass over first unto us, we

shall not be able to withstand him; for he will mightily prevail

against us:

5:41 But if he be afraid, and camp beyond the river, we shall go over

unto him, and prevail against him.

5:42 Now when Judas came near the brook, he caused the scribes of

the people to remain by the brook: unto whom he gave

commandment, saying, Suffer no man to remain in the camp, but

let all come to the battle.

5:43 So he went first over unto them, and all the people after him: then

all the heathen, being discomfited before him, cast away their

weapons, and fled unto the temple that was at Carnaim.

5:44 But they took the city, and burned the temple with all that were

therein. Thus was Carnaim subdued, neither could they stand any

longer before Judas.

5:45 Then Judas gathered together all the Israelites that were in the

country of Galaad, from the least unto the greatest, even their

wives, and their children, and their stuff, a very great host, to the

end they might come into the land of Judea.

5:46 Now when they came unto Ephron, (this was a great city in the

way as they should go, very well fortified) they could not turn

from it, either on the right hand or the left, but must needs pass

through the midst of it.

5:47 Then they of the city shut them out, and stopped up the gates

with stones.

5:48 Whereupon Judas sent unto them in peaceable manner, saying,

Let us pass through your land to go into our own country, and

none shall do you any hurt; we will only pass through on foot:

howbeit they would not open unto him.

5:49 Wherefore Judas commanded a proclamation to be made

throughout the host, that every man should pitch his tent in the

place where he was.

5:50 So the soldiers pitched, and assaulted the city all that day and all

that night, till at the length the city was delivered into his hands:

5:51 Who then slew all the males with the edge of the sword, and rased

the city, and took the spoils thereof, and passed through the city

over them that were slain.

5:52 After this went they over Jordan into the great plain before


5:53 And Judas gathered together those that came behind, and exhorted

the people all the way through, till they came into the land of


5:54 So they went up to mount Sion with joy and gladness, where

they offered burnt offerings, because not one of them were slain

until they had returned in peace.

5:55 Now what time as Judas and Jonathan were in the land of Galaad,

and Simon his brother in Galilee before Ptolemais,

5:56 Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of the

garrisons, heard of the valiant acts and warlike deeds which they

had done.

5:57 Wherefore they said, Let us also get us a name, and go fight

against the heathen that are round about us.

5:58 So when they had given charge unto the garrison that was with

them, they went toward Jamnia.

5:59 Then came Gorgias and his men out of the city to fight against


5:60 And so it was, that Joseph and Azaras were put to flight, and

pursued unto the borders of Judea: and there were slain that day

of the people of Israel about two thousand men.

5:61 Thus was there a great overthrow among the children of Israel,

because they were not obedient unto Judas and his brethren, but

thought to do some valiant act.

5:62 Moreover these men came not of the seed of those, by whose

hand deliverance was given unto Israel.

5:63 Howbeit the man Judas and his brethren were greatly renowned in

the sight of all Israel, and of all the heathen, wheresoever their

name was heard of;

5:64 Insomuch as the the people assembled unto them with joyful


5:65 Afterward went Judas forth with his brethren, and fought against

the children of Esau in the land toward the south, where he smote

Hebron, and the towns thereof, and pulled down the fortress of it,

and burned the towers thereof round about.

5:66 From thence he removed to go into the land of the Philistines, and

passed through Samaria.

5:67 At that time certain priests, desirous to shew their valour, were

slain in battle, for that they went out to fight unadvisedly.

5:68 So Judas turned to Azotus in the land of the Philistines, and when

he had pulled down their altars, and burned their carved images

with fire, and spoiled their cities, he returned into the land of



The First Book of



6:1 About that time king Antiochus travelling through the high

countries heard say, that Elymais in the country of Persia was a

city greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;

6:2 And that there was in it a very rich temple, wherein were

coverings of gold, and breastplates, and shields, which Alexander,

son of Philip, the Macedonian king, who reigned first among the

Grecians, had left there.

6:3 Wherefore he came and sought to take the city, and to spoil it; but

he was not able, because they of the city, having had warning


6:4 Rose up against him in battle: so he fled, and departed thence

with great heaviness, and returned to Babylon.

6:5 Moreover there came one who brought him tidings into Persia,

that the armies, which went against the land of Judea, were put to


6:6 And that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power was

driven away of the Jews; and that they were made strong by the

armour, and power, and store of spoils, which they had gotten of

the armies, whom they had destroyed:

6:7 Also that they had pulled down the abomination, which he had

set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed

about the sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city


6:8 Now when the king heard these words, he was astonished and

sore moved: whereupon he laid him down upon his bed, and fell

sick for grief, because it had not befallen him as he looked for.

6:9 And there he continued many days: for his grief was ever more

and more, and he made account that he should die.

6:10 Wherefore he called for all his friends, and said unto them, The

sleep is gone from mine eyes, and my heart faileth for very care.

6:11 And I thought with myself, Into what tribulation am I come, and

how great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I was

bountiful and beloved in my power.

6:12 But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem, and that I

took all the vessels of gold and silver that were therein, and sent

to destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a cause.

6:13 I perceive therefore that for this cause these troubles are come

upon me, and, behold, I perish through great grief in a strange


6:14 Then called he for Philip, one of his friends, who he made ruler

over all his realm,

6:15 And gave him the crown, and his robe, and his signet, to the end

he should bring up his son Antiochus, and nourish him up for the


6:16 So king Antiochus died there in the hundred forty and ninth year.

6:17 Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set up

Antiochus his son, whom he had brought up being young, to reign

in his stead, and his name he called Eupator.

6:18 About this time they that were in the tower shut up the Israelites

round about the sanctuary, and sought always their hurt, and the

strengthening of the heathen.

6:19 Wherefore Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the people

together to besiege them.

6:20 So they came together, and besieged them in the hundred and

fiftieth year, and he made mounts for shot against them, and other


6:21 Howbeit certain of them that were besieged got forth, unto whom

some ungodly men of Israel joined themselves:

6:22 And they went unto the king, and said, How long will it be ere

thou execute judgment, and avenge our brethren?

6:23 We have been willing to serve thy father, and to do as he would

have us, and to obey his commandments;

6:24 For which cause they of our nation besiege the tower, and are

alienated from us: moreover as many of us as they could light on

they slew, and spoiled our inheritance.

6:25 Neither have they stretched out their hand against us only, but

also against their borders.

6:26 And, behold, this day are they besieging the tower at Jerusalem,

to take it: the sanctuary also and Bethsura have they fortified.

6:27 Wherefore if thou dost not prevent them quickly, they will do the

greater things than these, neither shalt thou be able to rule them.

6:28 Now when the king heard this, he was angry, and gathered

together all his friends, and the captains of his army, and those

that had charge of the horse.

6:29 There came also unto him from other kingdoms, and from isles of

the sea, bands of hired soldiers.

6:30 So that the number of his army was an hundred thousand

footmen, and twenty thousand horsemen, and two and thirty

elephants exercised in battle.

6:31 These went through Idumea, and pitched against Bethsura, which

they assaulted many days, making engines of war; but they of

Bethsura came out, and burned them with fire, and fought


6:32 Upon this Judas removed from the tower, and pitched in

Bathzacharias, over against the king's camp.

6:33 Then the king rising very early marched fiercely with his host

toward Bathzacharias, where his armies made them ready to

battle, and sounded the trumpets.

6:34 And to the end they might provoke the elephants to fight, they

shewed them the blood of grapes and mulberries.

6:35 Moreover they divided the beasts among the armies, and for

every elephant they appointed a thousand men, armed with coats

of mail, and with helmets of brass on their heads; and beside this,

for every beast were ordained five hundred horsemen of the best.

6:36 These were ready at every occasion: wheresoever the beast was,

and whithersoever the beast went, they went also, neither

departed they from him.

6:37 And upon the beasts were there strong towers of wood, which

covered every one of them, and were girt fast unto them with

devices: there were also upon every one two and thirty strong

men, that fought upon them, beside the Indian that ruled him.

6:38 As for the remnant of the horsemen, they set them on this side

and that side at the two parts of the host giving them signs what

to do, and being harnessed all over amidst the ranks.

6:39 Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold and brass, the

mountains glistered therewith, and shined like lamps of fire.

6:40 So part of the king's army being spread upon the high mountains,

and part on the valleys below, they marched on safely and in


6:41 Wherefore all that heard the noise of their multitude, and the

marching of the company, and the rattling of the harness, were

moved: for the army was very great and mighty.

6:42 Then Judas and his host drew near, and entered into battle, and

there were slain of the king's army six hundred men.

6:43 Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran, perceiving that one of the beasts,

armed with royal harness, was higher than all the rest, and

supposing that the king was upon him,

6:44 Put himself in jeopardy, to the end he might deliver his people,

and get him a perpetual name:

6:45 Wherefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of the

battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that they were

divided from him on both sides.

6:46 Which done, he crept under the elephant, and thrust him under,

and slew him: whereupon the elephant fell down upon him, and

there he died.

6:47 Howbeit the rest of the Jews seeing the strength of the king, and

the violence of his forces, turned away from them.

6:48 Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and the

king pitched his tents against Judea, and against mount Sion.

6:49 But with them that were in Bethsura he made peace: for they

came out of the city, because they had no victuals there to endure

the siege, it being a year of rest to the land.

6:50 So the king took Bethsura, and set a garrison there to keep it.

6:51 As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many days: and set there

artillery with engines and instruments to cast fire and stones, and

pieces to cast darts and slings.

6:52 Whereupon they also made engines against their engines, and held

them battle a long season.

6:53 Yet at the last, their vessels being without victuals, (for that it

was the seventh year, and they in Judea that were delivered from

the Gentiles, had eaten up the residue of the store;)

6:54 There were but a few left in the sanctuary, because the famine did

so prevail against them, that they were fain to disperse

themselves, every man to his own place.

6:55 At that time Lysias heard say, that Philip, whom Antiochus the

king, whiles he lived, had appointed to bring up his son

Antiochus, that he might be king,

6:56 Was returned out of Persia and Media, and the king's host also

that went with him, and that he sought to take unto him the ruling

of the affairs.

6:57 Wherefore he went in all haste, and said to the king and the

captains of the host and the company, We decay daily, and our

victuals are but small, and the place we lay siege unto is strong,

and the affairs of the kingdom lie upon us:

6:58 Now therefore let us be friends with these men, and make peace

with them, and with all their nation;

6:59 And covenant with them, that they shall live after their laws, as

they did before: for they are therefore displeased, and have done

all these things, because we abolished their laws.

6:60 So the king and the princes were content: wherefore he sent unto

them to make peace; and they accepted thereof.

6:61 Also the king and the princes made an oath unto them:

whereupon they went out of the strong hold.

6:62 Then the king entered into mount Sion; but when he saw the

strength of the place, he broke his oath that he had made, and gave

commandment to pull down the wall round about.

6:63 Afterward departed he in all haste, and returned unto Antiochia,

where he found Philip to be master of the city: so he fought

against him, and took the city by force.


The First Book of



7:1 In the hundred and one and fiftieth year Demetrius the son of

Seleucus departed from Rome, and came up with a few men unto

a city of the sea coast, and reigned there.

7:2 And as he entered into the palace of his ancestors, so it was, that

his forces had taken Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them unto


7:3 Wherefore, when he knew it, he said, Let me not see their faces.

7:4 So his host slew them. Now when Demetrius was set upon the

throne of his kingdom,

7:5 There came unto him all the wicked and ungodly men of Israel,

having Alcimus, who was desirous to be high priest, for their


7:6 And they accused the people to the king, saying, Judas and his

brethren have slain all thy friends, and driven us out of our own


7:7 Now therefore send some man whom thou trustest, and let him go

and see what havock he hath made among us, and in the king's

land, and let him punish them with all them that aid them.

7:8 Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend of the king, who ruled

beyond the flood, and was a great man in the kingdom, and

faithful to the king,

7:9 And him he sent with that wicked Alcimus, whom he made high

priest, and commanded that he should take vengeance of the

children of Israel.

7:10 So they departed, and came with a great power into the land of

Judea, where they sent messengers to Judas and his brethren with

peaceable words deceitfully.

7:11 But they gave no heed to their words; for they saw that they

were come with a great power.

7:12 Then did there assemble unto Alcimus and Bacchides a company

of scribes, to require justice.

7:13 Now the Assideans were the first among the children of Israel

that sought peace of them:

7:14 For said they, One that is a priest of the seed of Aaron is come

with this army, and he will do us no wrong.

7:15 So he spake unto them, peaceably, and sware unto them, saying,

we will procure the harm neither of you nor your friends.

7:16 Whereupon they believed him: howbeit he took of them

threescore men, and slew them in one day, according to the words

which he wrote,

7:17 The flesh of thy saints have they cast out, and their blood have

they shed round about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury


7:18 Wherefore the fear and dread of them fell upon all the people,

who said, There is neither truth nor righteousness in them; for

they have broken the covenant and oath that they made.

7:19 After this, removed Bacchides from Jerusalem, and pitched his

tents in Bezeth, where he sent and took many of the men that had

forsaken him, and certain of the people also, and when he had

slain them, he cast them into the great pit.

7:20 Then committed he the country to Alcimus, and left with him a

power to aid him: so Bacchides went to the king.

7:21 But Alcimus contended for the high priesthood.

7:22 And unto him resorted all such as troubled the people, who, after

they had gotten the land of Juda into their power, did much hurt

in Israel.

7:23 Now when Judas saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his

company had done among the Israelites, even above the heathen,

7:24 He went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and took

vengeance of them that had revolted from him, so that they durst

no more go forth into the country.

7:25 On the other side, when Alcimus saw that Judas and his company

had gotten the upper hand, and knew that he was not able to

abide their force, he went again to the king, and said all the worst

of them that he could.

7:26 Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his honourable princes, a man

that bare deadly hate unto Israel, with commandment to destroy

the people.

7:27 So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great force; and sent unto

Judas and his brethren deceitfully with friendly words, saying,

7:28 Let there be no battle between me and you; I will come with a few

men, that I may see you in peace.

7:29 He came therefore to Judas, and they saluted one another

peaceably. Howbeit the enemies were prepared to take away

Judas by violence.

7:30 Which thing after it was known to Judas, to wit, that he came

unto him with deceit, he was sore afraid of him, and would see his

face no more.

7:31 Nicanor also, when he saw that his counsel was discovered, went

out to fight against Judas beside Capharsalama:

7:32 Where there were slain of Nicanor's side about five thousand men,

and the rest fled into the city of David.

7:33 After this went Nicanor up to mount Sion, and there came out of

the sanctuary certain of the priests and certain of the elders of the

people, to salute him peaceably, and to shew him the burnt

sacrifice that was offered for the king.

7:34 But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them

shamefully, and spake proudly,

7:35 And sware in his wrath, saying, Unless Judas and his host be now

delivered into my hands, if ever I come again in safety, I will burn

up this house: and with that he went out in a great rage.

7:36 Then the priests entered in, and stood before the altar and the

temple, weeping, and saying,

7:37 Thou, O Lord, didst choose this house to be called by thy name,

and to be a house of prayer and petition for thy people:

7:38 Be avenged of this man and his host, and let them fall by the

sword: remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to

continue any longer.

7:39 So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in

Bethhoron, where an host out of Syria met him.

7:40 But Judas pitched in Adasa with three thousand men, and there

he prayed, saying,

7:41 O Lord, when they that were sent from the king of the Assyrians

blasphemed, thine angel went out, and smote an hundred

fourscore and five thousand of them.

7:42 Even so destroy thou this host before us this day, that the rest

may know that he hath spoken blasphemously against thy

sanctuary, and judge thou him according to his wickedness.

7:43 So the thirteenth day of the month Adar the hosts joined battle:

but Nicanor's host was discomfited, and he himself was first slain

in the battle.

7:44 Now when Nicanor's host saw that he was slain, they cast away

their weapons, and fled.

7:45 Then they pursued after them a day's journey, from Adasa unto

Gazera, sounding an alarm after them with their trumpets.

7:46 Whereupon they came forth out of all the towns of Judea round

about, and closed them in; so that they, turning back upon them

that pursued them, were all slain with the sword, and not one of

them was left.

7:47 Afterwards they took the spoils, and the prey, and smote off

Nicanors head, and his right hand, which he stretched out so

proudly, and brought them away, and hanged them up toward


7:48 For this cause the people rejoiced greatly, and they kept that day

a day of great gladness.

7:49 Moreover they ordained to keep yearly this day, being the

thirteenth of Adar.

7:50 Thus the land of Juda was in rest a little while.


The First Book of



8:1 Now Judas had heard of the the Romans, that they were mighty

and valiant men, and such as would lovingly accept all that joined

themselves unto them, and make a league of amity with all that

came unto them;

8:2 And that they were men of great valour. It was told him also of

their wars and noble acts which they had done among the

Galatians, and how they had conquered them, and brought them

under tribute;

8:3 And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the winning

of the mines of the silver and gold which is there;

8:4 And that by their policy and patience they had conquered all the

place, though it were very far from them; and the kings also that

came against them from the uttermost part of the earth, till they

had discomfited them, and given them a great overthrow, so that

the rest did give them tribute every year:

8:5 Beside this, how they had discomfited in battle Philip, and

Perseus, king of the Citims, with others that lifted up themselves

against them, and had overcome them:

8:6 How also Antiochus the great king of Asia, that came against

them in battle, having an hundred and twenty elephants, with

horsemen, and chariots, and a very great army, was discomfited

by them;

8:7 And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such as

reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give hostages,

and that which was agreed upon,

8:8 And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the

goodliest countries, which they took of him, and gave to king


8:9 Moreover how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy


8:10 And that they, having knowledge thereof sent against them a

certain captain, and fighting with them slew many of them, and

carried away captives their wives and their children, and spoiled

them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled down their

strong holds, and brought them to be their servants unto this day:

8:11 It was told him besides, how they destroyed and brought under

their dominion all other kingdoms and isles that at any time

resisted them;

8:12 But with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept

amity: and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and nigh,

insomuch as all that heard of their name were afraid of them:

8:13 Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign; and

whom again they would, they displace: finally, that they were

greatly exalted:

8:14 Yet for all this none of them wore a crown or was clothed in

purple, to be magnified thereby:

8:15 Moreover how they had made for themselves a senate house,

wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily,

consulting alway for the people, to the end they might be well


8:16 And that they committed their government to one man every

year, who ruled over all their country, and that all were obedient

to that one, and that there was neither envy nor emmulation

among them.

8:17 In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the son

of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent

them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy with


8:18 And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for

they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel

with servitude.

8:19 They went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey,

and came into the senate, where they spake and said.

8:20 Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the Jews,

have sent us unto you, to make a confederacy and peace with

you, and that we might be registered your confederates and


8:21 So that matter pleased the Romans well.

8:22 And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote back

again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there they

might have by them a memorial of peace and confederacy:

8:23 Good success be to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews,

by sea and by land for ever: the sword also and enemy be far from


8:24 If there come first any war upon the Romans or any of their

confederates throughout all their dominion,

8:25 The people of the Jews shall help them, as the time shall be

appointed, with all their heart:

8:26 Neither shall they give any thing unto them that make war upon

them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it

hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they shall keep their

covenants without taking any thing therefore.

8:27 In the same manner also, if war come first upon the nation of the

Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart, according

as the time shall be appointed them:

8:28 Neither shall victuals be given to them that take part against them,

or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to the

Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, and that without


8:29 According to these articles did the Romans make a covenant with

the people of the Jews.

8:30 Howbeit if hereafter the one party or the other shall think to meet

to add or diminish any thing, they may do it at their pleasures,

and whatsoever they shall add or take away shall be ratified.

8:31 And as touching the evils that Demetrius doeth to the Jews, we

have written unto him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke

heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews?

8:32 If therefore they complain any more against thee, we will do them

justice, and fight with thee by sea and by land.


The First Book of



9:1 Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host

were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land

of Judea the second time, and with them the chief strength of his


9:2 Who went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and pitched

their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had

won it, they slew much people.

9:3 Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year they

encamped before Jerusalem:

9:4 From whence they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty

thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.

9:5 Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand

chosen men with him:

9:6 Who seeing the multitude of the other army to he so great were

sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the

host, insomuch as abode of them no more but eight hundred men.

9:7 When Judas therefore saw that his host slipt away, and that the

battle pressed upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and much

distressed, for that he had no time to gather them together.

9:8 Nevertheless unto them that remained he said, Let us arise and go

up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to fight

with them.

9:9 But they dehorted him, saying, We shall never be able: let us now

rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our

brethren, and fight against them: for we are but few.

9:10 Then Judas said, God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee

away from them: if our time be come, let us die manfully for our

brethren, and let us not stain our honour.

9:11 With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents, and

stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two

troops, and their slingers and archers going before the host and

they that marched in the foreward were all mighty men.

9:12 As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing: so the host drew near

on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.

9:13 They also of Judas' side, even they sounded their trumpets also,

so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the battle

continued from morning till night.

9:14 Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his

army were on the right side, he took with him all the hardy men,

9:15 Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them unto the

mount Azotus.

9:16 But when they of the left wing saw that they of the right wing

were discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those that were

with him hard at the heels from behind:

9:17 Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were slain

on both parts.

9:18 Judas also was killed, and the remnant fled.

9:19 Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried

him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.

9:20 Moreover they bewailed him, and all Israel made great

lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,

9:21 How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered Israel!

9:22 As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and the

noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written:

for they were very many.

9:23 Now after the death of Judas the wicked began to put forth their

heads in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose up all such as

wrought iniquity.

9:24 In those days also was there a very great famine, by reason

whereof the country revolted, and went with them.

9:25 Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of

the country.

9:26 And they made enquiry and search for Judas' friends, and brought

them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used

them despitefully.

9:27 So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof was not

since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.

9:28 For this cause all Judas' friends came together, and said unto


9:29 Since thy brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go forth

against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of our

nation that are adversaries to us.

9:30 Now therefore we have chosen thee this day to be our prince and

captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight our battles.

9:31 Upon this Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time,

and rose up instead of his brother Judas.

9:32 But when Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to slay


9:33 Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all that were with him,

perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched

their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.

9:34 Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to Jordan with

all his host upon the sabbath day.

9:35 Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the people,

to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might leave with

them their carriage, which was much.

9:36 But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John,

and all that he had, and went their way with it.

9:37 After this came word to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that the

children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the

bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as being the daughter of

one of the great princes of Chanaan.

9:38 Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up, and

hid themselves under the covert of the mountain:

9:39 Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold, there

was much ado and great carriage: and the bridegroom came forth,

and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums, and

instruments of musick, and many weapons.

9:40 Then Jonathan and they that were with him rose up against them

from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of

them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the remnant fled

into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.

9:41 Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise of

their melody into lamentation.

9:42 So when they had avenged fully the blood of their brother, they

turned again to the marsh of Jordan.

9:43 Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day

unto the banks of Jordan with a great power.

9:44 Then Jonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight

for our lives, for it standeth not with us to day, as in time past:

9:45 For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of

Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood,

neither is there place for us to turn aside.

9:46 Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered

from the hand of your enemies.

9:47 With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth his

hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him.

9:48 Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan, and

swam over unto the other bank: howbeit the other passed not

over Jordan unto them.

9:49 So there were slain of Bacchides' side that day about a thousand


9:50 Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and repaired the

strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and

Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon,

these did he strengthen with high walls, with gates and with bars.

9:51 And in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice upon


9:52 He fortified also the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the tower,

and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.

9:53 Besides, he took the chief men's sons in the country for hostages,

and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.

9:54 Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second

month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the

sanctuary should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works

of the prophets

9:55 And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus

plagued, and his enterprizes hindered: for his mouth was stopped,

and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak

any thing, nor give order concerning his house.

9:56 So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.

9:57 Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to

the king: whereupon the land of Judea was in rest two years.

9:58 Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, Behold, Jonathan

and his company are at ease, and dwell without care: now

therefore we will bring Bacchides hither, who shall take them all

in one night.

9:59 So they went and consulted with him.

9:60 Then removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters

privily to his adherents in Judea, that they should take Jonathan

and those that were with him: howbeit they could not, because

their counsel was known unto them.

9:61 Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were authors

of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.

9:62 Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him, got

them away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they

repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.

9:63 Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered together all his

host, and sent word to them that were of Judea.

9:64 Then went he and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought

against it a long season and made engines of war.

9:65 But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went forth

himself into the country, and with a certain number went he forth.

9:66 And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of

Phasiron in their tent.

9:67 And when he began to smite them, and came up with his forces,

Simon and his company went out of the city, and burned up the

engines of war,

9:68 And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and

they afflicted him sore: for his counsel and travail was in vain.

9:69 Wherefore he was very wroth at the wicked men that gave him

counsel to come into the country, inasmuch as he slew many of

them, and purposed to return into his own country.

9:70 Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors

unto him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver

them the prisoners.

9:71 Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and

sware unto him that he would never do him harm all the days of

his life.

9:72 When therefore he had restored unto him the prisoners that he

had taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and went

his way into his own land, neither came he any more into their


9:73 Thus the sword ceased from Israel: but Jonathan dwelt at

Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the

ungodly men out of Israel.


The First Book of



10:1 In the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, the son of Antiochus

surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais: for the people

had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,

10:2 Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together an

exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight.

10:3 Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto Jonathan with loving

words, so as he magnified him.

10:4 For said he, Let us first make peace with him, before he join with

Alexander against us:

10:5 Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against him,

and against his brethren and his people.

10:6 Wherefore he gave him authority to gather together an host, and

to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle: he

commanded also that the hostages that were in the tower should

be delivered him.

10:7 Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the

audience of all the people, and of them that were in the tower:

10:8 Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given

him authority to gather together an host.

10:9 Whereupon they of the tower delivered their hostages unto

Jonathan, and he delivered them unto their parents.

10:10 This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began to

build and repair the city.

10:11 And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the

mount Sion and about with square stones for fortification; and

they did so.

10:12 Then the strangers, that were in the fortresses which Bacchides

had built, fled away;

10:13 Insomuch as every man left his place, and went into his own


10:14 Only at Bethsura certain of those that had forsaken the law and

the commandments remained still: for it was their place of refuge.

10:15 Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius

had sent unto Jonathan: when also it was told him of the battles

and noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the

pains that they had endured,

10:16 He said, Shall we find such another man? now therefore we will

make him our friend and confederate.

10:17 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him, according to

these words, saying,

10:18 King Alexander to his brother Jonathan sendeth greeting:

10:19 We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power, and

meet to be our friend.

10:20 Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to be the high priest of

thy nation, and to be called the king's friend; (and therewithal he

sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:) and require thee to

take our part, and keep friendship with us.

10:21 So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the

feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and

gathered together forces, and provided much armour.

10:22 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,

10:23 What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in making

amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?

10:24 I also will write unto them words of encouragement, and promise

them dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid.

10:25 He sent unto them therefore to this effect: King Demetrius unto

the people of the Jews sendeth greeting:

10:26 Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, and continued in our

friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have

heard hereof, and are glad.

10:27 Wherefore now continue ye still to be faithful unto us, and we

will well recompense you for the things ye do in our behalf,

10:28 And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.

10:29 And now do I free you, and for your sake I release all the Jews,

from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from crown


10:30 And from that which appertaineth unto me to receive for the third

part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it

from this day forth, so that they shall not be taken of the land of

Judea, nor of the three governments which are added thereunto

out of the country of Samaria and Galilee, from this day forth for


10:31 Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders thereof,

both from tenths and tributes.

10:32 And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up authority

over it, and give the high priest, that he may set in it such men as

he shall choose to keep it.

10:33 Moreover I freely set at liberty every one of the Jews, that were

carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of my

kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes even of

their cattle.

10:34 Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and sabbaths, and new

moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and

the three days after the feast shall be all of immunity and freedom

for all the Jews in my realm.

10:35 Also no man shall have authority to meddle with or to molest any

of them in any matter.

10:36 I will further, that there be enrolled among the king's forces about

thirty thousand men of the Jews, unto whom pay shall be given,

as belongeth to all king's forces.

10:37 And of them some shall be placed in the king's strong holds, of

whom also some shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom,

which are of trust: and I will that their overseers and governors be

of themselves, and that they live after their own laws, even as the

king hath commanded in the land of Judea.

10:38 And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea

from the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that

they may be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey other

authority than the high priest's.

10:39 As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it as a free

gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary expences of

the sanctuary.

10:40 Moreover I give every year fifteen thousand shekels of silver out

of the king's accounts from the places appertaining.

10:41 And all the overplus, which the officers payed not in as in former

time, from henceforth shall be given toward the works of the


10:42 And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which they

took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year by

year, even those things shall be released, because they appertain

to the priests that minister.

10:43 And whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at Jerusalem, or

be within the liberties hereof, being indebted unto the king, or for

any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that they have in

my realm.

10:44 For the building also and repairing of the works of the sanctuary

expences shall be given of the king's accounts.

10:45 Yea, and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the

fortifying thereof round about, expences shall be given out of the

king's accounts, as also for the building of the walls in Judea.

10:46 Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave

no credit unto them, nor received them, because they remembered

the great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted them

very sore.

10:47 But with Alexander they were well pleased, because he was the

first that entreated of true peace with them, and they were

confederate with him always.

10:48 Then gathered king Alexander great forces, and camped over

against Demetrius.

10:49 And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius' host fled:

but Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against them.

10:50 And he continued the battle very sore until the sun went down:

and that day was Demetrius slain.

10:51 Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of Egypt

with a message to this effect:

10:52 Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set in the

throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and

overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our country;

10:53 For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host was

discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom:

10:54 Now therefore let us make a league of amity together, and give me

now thy daughter to wife: and I will be thy son in law, and will

give both thee and her as according to thy dignity.

10:55 Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, saying, Happy be the day

wherein thou didst return into the land of thy fathers, and satest

in the throne of their kingdom.

10:56 And now will I do to thee, as thou hast written: meet me

therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will

marry my daughter to thee according to thy desire.

10:57 So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra, and

they came unto Ptolemais in the hundred threescore and second


10:58 Where king Alexander meeting him, he gave unto him his daughter

Cleopatra, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with great

glory, as the manner of kings is.

10:59 Now king Alexander had written unto Jonathan, that he should

come and meet him.

10:60 Who thereupon went honourably to Ptolemais, where he met the

two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and

many presents, and found favour in their sight.

10:61 At that time certain pestilent fellows of Israel, men of a wicked

life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him: but the king

would not hear them.

10:62 Yea more than that, the king commanded to take off his garments,

and clothe him in purple: and they did so.

10:63 And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, Go

with him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that

no man complain against him of any matter, and that no man

trouble him for any manner of cause.

10:64 Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to the

proclamation, and clothed in purple, they fled all away.

10:65 So the king honoured him, and wrote him among his chief friends,

and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.

10:66 Afterward Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with peace and


10:67 Furthermore in the; hundred threescore and fifth year came

Demetrius son of Demetrius out of Crete into the land of his


10:68 Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he was right sorry, and

returned into Antioch.

10:69 Then Demetrius made Apollonius the governor of Celosyria his

general, who gathered together a great host, and camped in Jamnia,

and sent unto Jonathan the high priest, saying,

10:70 Thou alone liftest up thyself against us, and I am laughed to scorn

for thy sake, and reproached: and why dost thou vaunt thy

power against us in the mountains?

10:71 Now therefore, if thou trustest in thine own strength, come down

to us into the plain field, and there let us try the matter together:

for with me is the power of the cities.

10:72 Ask and learn who I am, and the rest that take our part, and they

shall tell thee that thy foot is not able to to flight in their own


10:73 Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to abide the horsemen and

so great a power in the plain, where is neither stone nor flint, nor

place to flee unto.

10:74 So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was

moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men he went out of

Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met him for to help him.

10:75 And he pitched his tents against Joppa: but; they of Joppa shut

him out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison there.

10:76 Then Jonathan laid siege unto it: whereupon they of the city let

him in for fear: and so Jonathan won Joppa.

10:77 Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand

horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as

one that journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the plain.

because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put his


10:78 Then Jonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies

joined battle.

10:79 Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.

10:80 And Jonathan knew that there was an ambushment behind him;

for they had compassed in his host, and cast darts at the people,

from morning till evening.

10:81 But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them: and

so the enemies' horses were tired.

10:82 Then brought Simon forth his host, and set them against the

footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by

him, and fled.

10:83 The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to Azotus,

and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for safety.

10:84 But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about it, and

took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them that were

fled into it, he burned with fire.

10:85 Thus there were burned and slain with the sword well nigh eight

thousand men.

10:86 And from thence Jonathan removed his host, and camped against

Ascalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with

great pomp.

10:87 After this returned Jonathan and his host unto Jerusalem, having

any spoils.

10:88 Now when king ALexander heard these things, he honoured

Jonathan yet more.

10:89 And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to such as

are of the king's blood: he gave him also Accaron with the borders

thereof in possession.


The First Book of



11:1 And the king of Egypt gathered together a great host, like the sand

that lieth upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went about

through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and join it to his own.

11:2 Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in peaceable manner,

so as they of the cities opened unto him, and met him: for king

Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his

brother in law.

11:3 Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities, he set in every one of

them a garrison of soldiers to keep it.

11:4 And when he came near to Azotus, they shewed him the temple

of Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that

were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and them

that he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them

by the way where he should pass.

11:5 Also they told the king whatsoever Jonathan had done, to the

intent he might blame him: but the king held his peace.

11:6 Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where

they saluted one another, and lodged.

11:7 Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the river

called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.

11:8 King Ptolemee therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities

by the sea unto Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked

counsels against Alexander.

11:9 Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto king Demetrius, saying,

Come, let us make a league betwixt us, and I will give thee my

daughter whom Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in thy

father's kingdom:

11:10 For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he sought to

slay me.

11:11 Thus did he slander him, because he was desirous of his kingdom.

11:12 Wherefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to

Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was

openly known.

11:13 Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns

upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.

11:14 In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because those

that dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.

11:15 But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him:

whereupon king Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met him

with a mighty power, and put him to flight.

11:16 So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king

Ptolemee was exalted:

11:17 For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent it

unto Ptolemee.

11:18 King Ptolemee also died the third day after, and they that were in

the strong holds were slain one of another.

11:19 By this means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and

seventh year.

11:20 At the same time Jonathan gathered together them that were in

Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem: and he made many

engines of war against it.

11:21 Then came ungodly persons, who hated their own people, went

unto the king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower,

11:22 Whereof when he heard, he was angry, and immediately removing,

he came to Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he should

not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak with him at

Ptolemais in great haste.

11:23 Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to besiege

it still: and he chose certain of the elders of Israel and the priests,

and put himself in peril;

11:24 And took silver and gold, and raiment, and divers presents

besides, and went to Ptolemais unto the king, where he found

favour in his sight.

11:25 And though certain ungodly men of the people had made

complaints against him,

11:26 Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done before,

and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,

11:27 And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the honours

that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief


11:28 Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea free

from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of

Samaria; and he promised him three hundred talents.

11:29 So the king consented, and wrote letters unto Jonathan of all these

things after this manner:

11:30 King Demetrius unto his brother Jonathan, and unto the nation of

the Jews, sendeth greeting:

11:31 We send you here a copy of the letter which we did write unto

our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that ye might see it.

11:32 King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sendeth greeting:

11:33 We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews, who are

our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their good

will toward us.

11:34 Wherefore we have ratified unto them the borders of Judea, with

the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem,

that are added unto Judea from the country of Samaria, and all

things appertaining unto them, for all such as do sacrifice in

Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the king received of

them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.

11:35 And as for other things that belong unto us, of the tithes and

customs pertaining unto us, as also the saltpits, and the crown

taxes, which are due unto us, we discharge them of them all for

their relief.

11:36 And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for ever.

11:37 Now therefore see that thou make a copy of these things, and let

it be delivered unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount in a

conspicuous place.

11:38 After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet

before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent

away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain

bands of strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the

heathen: wherefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.

11:39 Moreover there was one Tryphon, that had been of Alexander's

part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against

Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian that brought up

Antiochus the young son of Alexander,

11:40 And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus, that

he might reign in his father's stead: he told him therefore all that

Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at enmity with

him, and there he remained a long season.

11:41 In the mean time Jonathan sent unto king Demetrius, that he

would cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in

the fortresses: for they fought against Israel.

11:42 So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, I will not only do this

for thee and thy people, but I will greatly honour thee and thy

nation, if opportunity serve.

11:43 Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou send me men to help

me; for all my forces are gone from me.

11:44 Upon this Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto

Antioch: and when they came to the king, the king was very glad

of their coming.

11:45 Howbeit they that were of the city gathered themselves together

into the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred and

twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.

11:46 Wherefore the king fled into the court, but they of the city kept

the passages of the city, and began to fight.

11:47 Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came unto him all

at once, and dispersing themselves through the city slew that day

in the city to the number of an hundred thousand.

11:48 Also they set fire on the city, and gat many spoils that day, and

delivered the king.

11:49 So when they of the city saw that the Jews had got the city as

they would, their courage was abated: wherefore they made

supplication to the king, and cried, saying,

11:50 Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and the


11:51 With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and the

Jews were honoured in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all

that were in his realm; and they returned to Jerusalem, having

great spoils.

11:52 So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the land

was quiet before him.

11:53 Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spake, and

estranged himself from Jonathan, neither rewarded he him

according to the benefits which he had received of him, but

troubled him very sore.

11:54 After this returned Tryphon, and with him the young child

Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.

11:55 Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom

Demetrius had put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who

turned his back and fled.

11:56 Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.

11:57 At that time young Antiochus wrote unto Jonathan, saying, I

confirm thee in the high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over

the four governments, and to be one of the king's friends.

11:58 Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave

him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to

wear a golden buckle.

11:59 His brother Simon also he made captain from the place called The

ladder of Tyrus unto the borders of Egypt.

11:60 Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond

the water, and all the forces of Syria gathered themselves unto

him for to help him: and when he came to Ascalon, they of the

city met him honourably.

11:61 From whence he went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out;

wherefore he laid siege unto it, and burned the suburbs thereof

with fire, and spoiled them.

11:62 Afterward, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Jonathan,

he made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men for

hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the

country unto Damascus.

11:63 Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes were come to

Cades, which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to

remove him out of the country,

11:64 He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the country.

11:65 Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it a

long season, and shut it up:

11:66 But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them,

and then put them out from thence, and took the city, and set a

garrison in it.

11:67 As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of

Gennesar, from whence betimes in the morning they gat them to

the plain of Nasor.

11:68 And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain, who,

having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came

themselves over against him.

11:69 So when they that lay in ambush rose out of their places and

joined battle, all that were of Jonathan's side fled;

11:70 Insomuch as there was not one of them left, except Mattathias

the son of Absalom, and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of

the host.

11:71 Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head, and


11:72 Afterwards turning again to battle, he put them to flight, and so

they ran away.

11:73 Now when his own men that were fled saw this, they turned

again unto him, and with him pursued them to Cades, even unto

their own tents, and there they camped.

11:74 So there were slain of the heathen that day about three thousand

men: but Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.


The First Book of



12:1 Now when Jonathan saw that time served him, he chose certain

men, and sent them to Rome, for to confirm and renew the

friendship that they had with them.

12:2 He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, and to other places, for

the same purpose.

12:3 So they went unto Rome, and entered into the senate, and said,

Jonathan the high priest, and the people of the Jews, sent us unto

you, to the end ye should renew the friendship, which ye had

with them, and league, as in former time.

12:4 Upon this the Romans gave them letters unto the governors of

every place that they should bring them into the land of Judea


12:5 And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to the


12:6 Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of the nation, and the

priests, and the other of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians their

brethren send greeting:

12:7 There were letters sent in times past unto Onias the high priest

from Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that ye are

our brethren, as the copy here underwritten doth specify.

12:8 At which time Onias entreated the ambassador that was sent

honourably, and received the letters, wherein declaration was

made of the league and friendship.

12:9 Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that we

have the holy books of scripture in our hands to comfort us,

12:10 Have nevertheless attempted to send unto you for the renewing

of brotherhood and friendship, lest we should become strangers

unto you altogether: for there is a long time passed since ye sent

unto us.

12:11 We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in our feasts, and

other convenient days, do remember you in the sacrifices which

we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and as it becometh us to

think upon our brethren:

12:12 And we are right glad of your honour.

12:13 As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on every

side, forsomuch as the kings that are round about us have fought

against us.

12:14 Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others of

our confederates and friends, in these wars:

12:15 For we have help from heaven that succoureth us, so as we are

delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under


12:16 For this cause we chose Numenius the son of Antiochus, and

Antipater he son of Jason, and sent them unto the Romans, to

renew the amity that we had with them, and the former league.

12:17 We commanded them also to go unto you, and to salute and to

deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our


12:18 Wherefore now ye shall do well to give us an answer thereto.

12:19 And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.

12:20 Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest,


12:21 It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are

brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham:

12:22 Now therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, ye shall do

well to write unto us of your prosperity.

12:23 We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are

our's, and our's are your's We do command therefore our

ambassadors to make report unto you on this wise.

12:24 Now when Jonathan heard that Demebius' princes were come to

fight against him with a greater host than afore,

12:25 He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of

Amathis: for he gave them no respite to enter his country.

12:26 He sent spies also unto their tents, who came again, and told him

that they were appointed to come upon them in the night season.

12:27 Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, Jonathan commanded

his men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they

might be ready to fight: also he sent forth centinels round about

the host.

12:28 But when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were

ready for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and

they kindled fires in their camp.

12:29 Howbeit Jonathan and his company knew it not till the morning:

for they saw the lights burning.

12:30 Then Jonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not: for

they were gone over the river Eleutherus.

12:31 Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called

Zabadeans, and smote them, and took their spoils.

12:32 And removing thence, he came to Damascus, and so passed

through all the country,

12:33 Simon also went forth, and passed through the country unto

Ascalon, and the holds there adjoining, from whence he turned

aside to Joppa, and won it.

12:34 For he had heard that they would deliver the hold unto them that

took Demetrius' part; wherefore he set a garrison there to keep it.

12:35 After this came Jonathan home again, and calling the elders of the

people together, he consulted with them about building strong

holds in Judea,

12:36 And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great

mount between the tower and the city, for to separate it from the

city, that so it might be alone, that men might neither sell nor buy

in it.

12:37 Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch as

part of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen

down, and they repaired that which was called Caphenatha.

12:38 Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with gates

and bars.

12:39 Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill

Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his own


12:40 Howbeit he was afraid that Jonathan would not suffer him, and

that he would fight against him; wherefore he sought a way how

to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So he removed, and came

to Bethsan.

12:41 Then Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men

chosen for the battle, and came to Bethsan.

12:42 Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan came with so great a force, he

durst not stretch his hand against him;

12:43 But received him honourably, and commended him unto all his

friends, and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be

as obedient unto him, as to himself.

12:44 Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast thou brought all this

people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war betwixt us?

12:45 Therefore send them now home again, and choose a few men to

wait on thee, and come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will give

it thee, and the rest of the strong holds and forces, and all that

have any charge: as for me, I will return and depart: for this is the

cause of my coming.

12:46 So Jonathan believing him did as he bade him, and sent away his

host, who went into the land of Judea.

12:47 And with himself he retained but three thousand men, of whom

he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with


12:48 Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of

Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all them that came

with him they slew with the sword.

12:49 Then sent Tryphon an host of footmen and horsemen into

Galilee, and into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's


12:50 But when they knew that Jonathan and they that were with him

were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went close

together, prepared to fight.

12:51 They therefore that followed upon them, perceiving that they

were ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.

12:52 Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably, and

there they bewailed Jonathan, and them that were with him, and

they were sore afraid; wherefore all Israel made great lamentation.

12:53 Then all the heathen that were round about then sought to

destroy them: for said they, They have no captain, nor any to

help them: now therefore let us make war upon them, and take

away their memorial from among men.


The First Book of



13:1 Now when Simon heard that Tryphon had gathered together a

great host to invade the land of Judea, and destroy it,

13:2 And saw that the people was in great trembling and fear, he went

up to Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,

13:3 And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye yourselves know what

great things I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have done

for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also and troubles which

we have seen.

13:4 By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel's sake, and I

am left alone.

13:5 Now therefore be it far from me, that I should spare mine own life

in any time of trouble: for I am no better than my brethren.

13:6 Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our

wives, and our children: for all the heathen are gathered to destroy

us of very malice.

13:7 Now as soon as the people heard these words, their spirit


13:8 And they answered with a loud voice, saying, Thou shalt be our

leader instead of Judas and Jonathan thy brother.

13:9 Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever, thou commandest us, that

will we do.

13:10 So then he gathered together all the men of war, and made haste to

finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round about.

13:11 Also he sent Jonathan the son of Absolom, and with him a great

power, to Joppa: who casting out them that were therein

remained there in it.

13:12 So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus with a great power to

invade the land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in ward.

13:13 But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the plain.

13:14 Now when Tryphon knew that Simon was risen up instead of his

brother Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent

messengers unto him, saying,

13:15 Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it is for money

that he is owing unto the king's treasure, concerning the business

that was committed unto him.

13:16 Wherefore now send an hundred talents of silver, and two of his

sons for hostages, that when he is at liberty he may not revolt

from us, and we will let him go.

13:17 Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived that they spake deceitfully

unto him yet sent he the money and the children, lest

peradventure he should procure to himself great hatred of the


13:18 Who might have said, Because I sent him not the money and the

children, therefore is Jonathan dead.

13:19 So he sent them the children and the hundred talents: howbeit

Tryphon dissembled neither would he let Jonathan go.

13:20 And after this came Tryphon to invade the land, and destroy it,

going round about by the way that leadeth unto Adora: but Simon

and his host marched against him in every place, wheresoever he


13:21 Now they that were in the tower sent messengers unto Tryphon,

to the end that he should hasten his coming unto them by the

wilderness, and send them victuals.

13:22 Wherefore Tryphon made ready all his horsemen to come that

night: but there fell a very great snow, by reason whereof he came

not. So he departed, and came into the country of Galaad.

13:23 And when he came near to Bascama he slew Jonathan, who was

buried there.

13:24 Afterward Tryphon returned and went into his own land.

13:25 Then sent Simon, and took the bones of Jonathan his brother, and

buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.

13:26 And all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed him

many days.

13:27 Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his father and

his brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stone

behind and before.

13:28 Moreover he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for his

father, and his mother, and his four brethren.

13:29 And in these he made cunning devices, about the which he set

great pillars, and upon the pillars he made all their armour for a

perpetual memory, and by the armour ships carved, that they

might be seen of all that sail on the sea.

13:30 This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it standeth

yet unto this day.

13:31 Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus,

and slew him.

13:32 And he reigned in his stead, and crowned himself king of Asia,

and brought a great calamity upon the land.

13:33 Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced them

about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and

laid up victuals therein.

13:34 Moreover Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the

end he should give the land an immunity, because all that

Tryphon did was to spoil.

13:35 Unto whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this


13:36 King Demetrius unto Simon the high priest, and friend of kings, as

also unto the elders and nation of the Jews, sendeth greeting:

13:37 The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which ye sent unto us, we

have received: and we are ready to make a stedfast peace with

you, yea, and to write unto our officers, to confirm the

immunities which we have granted.

13:38 And whatsoever covenants we have made with you shall stand;

and the strong holds, which ye have builded, shall be your own.

13:39 As for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we forgive

it, and the crown tax also, which ye owe us: and if there were any

other tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no more be paid.

13:40 And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then be

enrolled, and let there be peace betwixt us.

13:41 Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in the

hundred and seventieth year.

13:42 Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments and

contracts, In the first year of Simon the high priest, the governor

and leader of the Jews.

13:43 In those days Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round

about; he made also an engine of war, and set it by the city, and

battered a certain tower, and took it.

13:44 And they that were in the engine leaped into the city; whereupon

there was a great uproar in the city:

13:45 Insomuch as the people of the city rent their clothes, and climbed

upon the walls with their wives and children, and cried with a

loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace.

13:46 And they said, Deal not with us according to our wickedness, but

according to thy mercy.

13:47 So Simon was appeased toward them, and fought no more against

them, but put them out of the city, and cleansed the houses

wherein the idols were, and so entered into it with songs and


13:48 Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, and placed such men there as

would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was before, and

built therein a dwellingplace for himself.

13:49 They also of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that they

could neither come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, nor

sell: wherefore they were in great distress for want of victuals,

and a great number of them perished through famine.

13:50 Then cried they to Simon, beseeching him to be at one with them:

which thing he granted them; and when he had put them out from

thence, he cleansed the tower from pollutions:

13:51 And entered into it the three and twentieth day of the second

month in the hundred seventy and first year, with thanksgiving,

and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and

with viols, and hymns, and songs: because there was destroyed a

great enemy out of Israel.

13:52 He ordained also that that day should be kept every year with

gladness. Moreover the hill of the temple that was by the tower

he made stronger than it was, and there he dwelt himself with his


13:53 And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man, he

made him captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.


The First Book of



14:1 Now in the hundred threescore and twelfth year king Demetrius

gathered his forces together, and went into Media to get him help

to fight against Tryphone.

14:2 But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that

Demetrius was entered within his borders, he sent one of his

princes to take him alive:

14:3 Who went and smote the host of Demetrius, and took him, and

brought him to Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.

14:4 As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all the days of Simon; for

he sought the good of his nation in such wise, as that evermore his

authority and honour pleased them well.

14:5 And as he was honourable in all his acts, so in this, that he took

Joppa for an haven, and made an entrance to the isles of the sea,

14:6 And enlarged the bounds of his nation, and recovered the country,

14:7 And gathered together a great number of captives, and had the

dominion of Gazera, and Bethsura, and the tower, out of the

which he took all uncleaness, neither was there any that resisted


14:8 Then did they till their ground in peace, and the earth gave her

increase, and the trees of the field their fruit.

14:9 The ancient men sat all in the streets, communing together of good

things, and the young men put on glorious and warlike apparel.


14:10 He provided victuals for the cities, and set in them all manner of

munition, so that his honourable name was renowned unto the

end of the world.

14:11 He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy:

14:12 For every man sat under his vine and his fig tree, and there was

none to fray them:

14:13 Neither was there any left in the land to fight against them: yea,

the kings themselves were overthrown in those days.

14:14 Moreover he strengthened all those of his people that were

brought low: the law he searched out; and every contemner of the

law and wicked person he took away.

14:15 He beautified the sanctuary, and multiplied vessels of the temple.

14:16 Now when it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that

Jonathan was dead, they were very sorry.

14:17 But as soon as they heard that his brother Simon was made high

priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities therein:

14:18 They wrote unto him in tables of brass, to renew the friendship

and league which they had made with Judas and Jonathan his


14:19 Which writings were read before the congregation at Jerusalem.

14:20 And this is the copy of the letters that the Lacedemonians sent;

The rulers of the Lacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon the

high priest, and the elders, and priests, and residue of the people

of the Jews, our brethren, send greeting:

14:21 The ambassadors that were sent unto our people certified us of

your glory and honour: wherefore we were glad of their coming,

14:22 And did register the things that they spake in the council of the

people in this manner; Numenius son of Antiochus, and

Antipater son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, came unto us to

renew the friendship they had with us.

14:23 And it pleased the people to entertain the men honourably, and to

put the copy of their ambassage in publick records, to the end the

people of the Lacedemonians might have a memorial thereof:

furthermore we have written a copy thereof unto Simon the high


14:24 After this Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of

gold of a thousand pound weight to confirm the league with them.

14:25 Whereof when the people heard, they said, What thanks shall we

give to Simon and his sons?

14:26 For he and his brethren and the house of his father have

established Israel, and chased away in fight their enemies from

them, and confirmed their liberty.

14:27 So then they wrote it in tables of brass, which they set upon

pillars in mount Sion: and this is the copy of the writing; The

eighteenth day of the month Elul, in the hundred threescore and

twelfth year, being the third year of Simon the high priest,

14:28 At Saramel in the great congregation of the priests, and people,

and rulers of the nation, and elders of the country, were these

things notified unto us.

14:29 Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been wars in the country,

wherein for the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law,

Simon the son of Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib, together

with his brethren, put themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the

enemies of their nation did their nation great honour:

14:30 (For after that Jonathan, having gathered his nation together, and

been their high priest, was added to his people,

14:31 Their enemies prepared to invade their country, that they might

destroy it, and lay hands on the sanctuary:

14:32 At which time Simon rose up, and fought for his nation, and

spent much of his own substance, and armed the valiant men of

his nation and gave them wages,

14:33 And fortified the cities of Judea, together with Bethsura, that lieth

upon the borders of Judea, where the armour of the enemies had

been before; but he set a garrison of Jews there:

14:34 Moreover he fortified Joppa, which lieth upon the sea, and

Gazera, that bordereth upon Azotus, where the enemies had

dwelt before: but he placed Jews there, and furnished them with

all things convenient for the reparation thereof.)

14:35 The people therefore sang the acts of Simon, and unto what glory

he thought to bring his nation, made him their governor and chief

priest, because he had done all these things, and for the justice and

faith which he kept to his nation, and for that he sought by all

means to exalt his people.

14:36 For in his time things prospered in his hands, so that the heathen

were taken out of their country, and they also that were in the

city of David in Jerusalem, who had made themselves a tower,

out of which they issued, and polluted all about the sanctuary,

and did much hurt in the holy place:

14:37 But he placed Jews therein. and fortified it for the safety of the

country and the city, and raised up the walls of Jerusalem.

14:38 King Demetrius also confirmed him in the high priesthood

according to those things,

14:39 And made him one of his friends, and honoured him with great


14:40 For he had heard say, that the Romans had called the Jews their

friends and confederates and brethren; and that they had

entertained the ambassadors of Simon honourably;

14:41 Also that the Jews and priests were well pleased that Simon

should be their governor and high priest for ever, until there

should arise a faithful prophet;

14:42 Moreover that he should be their captain, and should take charge

of the sanctuary, to set them over their works, and over the

country, and over the armour, and over the fortresses, that, I say,

he should take charge of the sanctuary;

14:43 Beside this, that he should be obeyed of every man, and that all

the writings in the country should be made in his name, and that

he should be clothed in purple, and wear gold:

14:44 Also that it should be lawful for none of the people or priests to

break any of these things, or to gainsay his words, or to gather an

assembly in the country without him, or to be clothed in purple,

or wear a buckle of gold;

14:45 And whosoever should do otherwise, or break any of these

things, he should be punished.

14:46 Thus it liked all the people to deal with Simon, and to do as hath

been said.

14:47 Then Simon accepted hereof, and was well pleased to be high

priest, and captain and governor of the Jews and priests, and to

defend them all.

14:48 So they commanded that this writing should be put in tables of

brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of the

sanctuary in a conspicuous place;

14:49 Also that the copies thereof should be laid up in the treasury, to

the end that Simon and his sons might have them.


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15:1 Moreover Antiochus son of Demetrius the king sent letters from

the isles of the sea unto Simon the priest and prince of the Jews,

and to all the people;

15:2 The contents whereof were these: King Antiochus to Simon the

high priest and prince of his nation, and to the people of the

Jews, greeting:

15:3 Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have usurped the kingdom of

our fathers, and my purpose is to challenge it again, that I may

restore it to the old estate, and to that end have gathered a

multitude of foreign soldiers together, and prepared ships of war;

15:4 My meaning also being to go through the country, that I may be

avenged of them that have destroyed it, and made many cities in

the kingdom desolate:

15:5 Now therefore I confirm unto thee all the oblations which the

kings before me granted thee, and whatsoever gifts besides they


15:6 I give thee leave also to coin money for thy country with thine

own stamp.

15:7 And as concerning Jerusalem and the sanctuary, let them be free;

and all the armour that thou hast made, and fortresses that thou

hast built, and keepest in thine hands, let them remain unto thee.

15:8 And if anything be, or shall be, owing to the king, let it be

forgiven thee from this time forth for evermore.

15:9 Furthermore, when we have obtained our kingdom, we will

honour thee, and thy nation, and thy temple, with great honour,

so that your honour shall be known throughout the world.

15:10 In the hundred threescore and fourteenth year went Antiochus

into the land of his fathers: at which time all the forces came

together unto him, so that few were left with Tryphon.

15:11 Wherefore being pursued by king Antiochus, he fled unto Dora,

which lieth by the sea side:

15:12 For he saw that troubles came upon him all at once, and that his

forces had forsaken him.

15:13 Then camped Antiochus against Dora, having with him an

hundred and twenty thousand men of war, and eight thousand


15:14 And when he had compassed the city round about, and joined

ships close to the town on the sea side, he vexed the city by land

and by sea, neither suffered he any to go out or in.

15:15 In the mean season came Numenius and his company from Rome,

having letters to the kings and countries; wherein were written

these things:

15:16 Lucius, consul of the Romans unto king Ptolemee, greeting:

15:17 The Jews' ambassadors, our friends and confederates, came unto

us to renew the old friendship and league, being sent from Simon

the high priest, and from the people of the Jews:

15:18 And they brought a shield of gold of a thousand pound.

15:19 We thought it good therefore to write unto the kings and

countries, that they should do them no harm, nor fight against

them, their cities, or countries, nor yet aid their enemies against


15:20 It seemed also good to us to receive the shield of them.

15:21 If therefore there be any pestilent fellows, that have fled from

their country unto you, deliver them unto Simon the high priest,

that he may punish them according to their own law.

15:22 The same things wrote he likewise unto Demetrius the king, and

Attalus, to Ariarathes, and Arsaces,

15:23 And to all the countries and to Sampsames, and the

Lacedemonians, and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and

Caria, and Samos, and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Halicarnassus,

and Rhodus, and Aradus, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus, and

Gortyna, and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene.

15:24 And the copy hereof they wrote to Simon the high priest.

15:25 So Antiochus the king camped against Dora the second day,

assaulting it continually, and making engines, by which means he

shut up Tryphon, that he could neither go out nor in.

15:26 At that time Simon sent him two thousand chosen men to aid

him; silver also, and gold, and much armour.

15:27 Nevertheless he would not receive them, but brake all the

covenants which he had made with him afore, and became strange

unto him.

15:28 Furthermore he sent unto him Athenobius, one of his friends, to

commune with him, and say, Ye withhold Joppa and Gazera;

with the tower that is in Jerusalem, which are cities of my realm.

15:29 The borders thereof ye have wasted, and done great hurt in the

land, and got the dominion of many places within my kingdom.

15:30 Now therefore deliver the cities which ye have taken, and the

tributes of the places, whereof ye have gotten dominion without

the borders of Judea:

15:31 Or else give me for them five hundred talents of silver; and for the

harm that ye have done, and the tributes of the cities, other five

hundred talents: if not, we will come and fight against you

15:32 So Athenobius the king's friend came to Jerusalem: and when he

saw the glory of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and silver plate,

and his great attendance, he was astonished, and told him the

king's message.

15:33 Then answered Simon, and said unto him, We have neither taken

other men's land, nor holden that which appertaineth to others,

but the inheritance of our fathers, which our enemies had

wrongfully in possession a certain time.

15:34 Wherefore we, having opportunity, hold the inheritance of our


15:35 And whereas thou demandest Joppa and Gazera, albeit they did

great harm unto the people in our country, yet will we give thee

an hundred talents for them. Hereunto Athenobius answered him

not a word;

15:36 But returned in a rage to the king, and made report unto him of

these speeches, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he had

seen: whereupon the king was exceeding wroth.

15:37 In the mean time fled Tryphon by ship unto Orthosias.

15:38 Then the king made Cendebeus captain of the sea coast, and gave

him an host of footmen and horsemen,

15:39 And commanded him to remove his host toward Judea; also he

commanded him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and

to war against the people; but as for the king himself, he pursued


15:40 So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began to provoke the people

and to invade Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay


15:41 And when he had built up Cedrou, he set horsemen there, and an

host of footmen, to the end that issuing out they might make

outroads upon the ways of Judea, as the king had commanded


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16:1 Then came up John from Gazera, and told Simon his father what

Cendebeus had done.

16:2 Wherefore Simon called his two eldest sons, Judas and John, and

said unto them, I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have

ever from my youth unto this day fought against the enemies of

Israel; and things have prospered so well in our hands, that we

have delivered Israel oftentimes.

16:3 But now I am old, and ye, by God's mercy, are of a sufficient age:

be ye instead of me and my brother, and go and fight for our

nation, and the help from heaven be with you.

16:4 So he chose out of the country twenty thousand men of war with

horsemen, who went out against Cendebeus, and rested that night

at Modin.

16:5 And when as they rose in the morning, and went into the plain,

behold, a mighty great host both of footmen and horsemen came

against them: howbeit there was a water brook betwixt them.

16:6 So he and his people pitched over against them: and when he saw

that the people were afraid to go over the water brook, he went

first over himself, and then the men seeing him passed through

after him.

16:7 That done, he divided his men, and set the horsemen in the midst

of the footmen: for the enemies' horsemen were very many.

16:8 Then sounded they with the holy trumpets: whereupon

Cendebeus and his host were put to flight, so that many of them

were slain, and the remnant gat them to the strong hold.

16:9 At that time was Judas John's brother wounded; but John still

followed after them, until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus

had built.

16:10 So they fled even unto the towers in the fields of Azotus;

wherefore he burned it with fire: so that there were slain of them

about two thousand men. Afterward he returned into the land of

Judea in peace.

16:11 Moreover in the plain of Jericho was Ptolemeus the son of

Abubus made captain, and he had abundance of silver and gold:

16:12 For he was the high priest's son in law.

16:13 Wherefore his heart being lifted up, he thought to get the country

to himself, and thereupon consulted deceitfully against Simon and

his sons to destroy them.

16:14 Now Simon was visiting the cities that were in the country, and

taking care for the good ordering of them; at which time he came

down himself to Jericho with his sons, Mattathias and Judas, in

the hundred threescore and seventeenth year, in the eleventh

month, called Sabat:

16:15 Where the son of Abubus receiving them deceitfully into a little

hold, called Docus, which he had built, made them a great

banquet: howbeit he had hid men there.

16:16 So when Simon and his sons had drunk largely, Ptolemee and his

men rose up, and took their weapons, and came upon Simon into

the banqueting place, and slew him, and his two sons, and certain

of his servants.

16:17 In which doing he committed a great treachery, and recompensed

evil for good.

16:18 Then Ptolemee wrote these things, and sent to the king, that he

should send him an host to aid him, and he would deliver him the

country and cities.

16:19 He sent others also to Gazera to kill John: and unto the tribunes

he sent letters to come unto him, that he might give them silver,

and gold, and rewards.

16:20 And others he sent to take Jerusalem, and the mountain of the


16:21 Now one had run afore to Gazera and told John that his father

and brethren were slain, and, quoth he, Ptolemee hath sent to slay

thee also.

16:22 Hereof when he heard, he was sore astonished: so he laid hands

on them that were come to destroy him, and slew them; for he

knew that they sought to make him away.

16:23 As concerning the rest of the acts of John, and his wars, and

worthy deeds which he did, and the building of the walls which he

made, and his doings,

16:24 Behold, these are written in the chronicles of his priesthood, from

the time he was made high priest after his father.


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The Second Book of


1:1 The brethren, the Jews that be at Jerusalem and in the land of

Judea, wish unto the brethren, the Jews that are throughout

Egypt health and peace:

1:2 God be gracious unto you, and remember his covenant that he

made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, his faithful servants;

1:3 And give you all an heart to serve him, and to do his will, with a

good courage and a willing mind;

1:4 And open your hearts in his law and commandments, and send

you peace,

1:5 And hear your prayers, and be at one with you, and never forsake

you in time of trouble.

1:6 And now we be here praying for you.

1:7 What time as Demetrius reigned, in the hundred threescore and

ninth year, we the Jews wrote unto you in the extremity of

trouble that came upon us in those years, from the time that

Jason and his company revolted from the holy land and kingdom,

1:8 And burned the porch, and shed innocent blood: then we prayed

unto the Lord, and were heard; we offered also sacrifices and fine

flour, and lighted the lamps, and set forth the loaves.

1:9 And now see that ye keep the feast of tabernacles in the month


1:10 In the hundred fourscore and eighth year, the people that were at

Jerusalem and in Judea, and the council, and Judas, sent greeting

and health unto Aristobulus, king Ptolemeus' master, who was of

the stock of the anointed priests, and to the Jews that were in


1:11 Insomuch as God hath delivered us from great perils, we thank

him highly, as having been in battle against a king.

1:12 For he cast them out that fought within the holy city.

1:13 For when the leader was come into Persia, and the army with him

that seemed invincible, they were slain in the temple of Nanea by

the deceit of Nanea's priests.

1:14 For Antiochus, as though he would marry her, came into the

place, and his friends that were with him, to receive money in

name of a dowry.

1:15 Which when the priests of Nanea had set forth, and he was

entered with a small company into the compass of the temple,

they shut the temple as soon as Antiochus was come in:

1:16 And opening a privy door of the roof, they threw stones like

thunderbolts, and struck down the captain, hewed them in pieces,

smote off their heads and cast them to those that were without.

1:17 Blessed be our God in all things, who hath delivered up the


1:18 Therefore whereas we are now purposed to keep the purification

of the temple upon the five and twentieth day of the month

Casleu, we thought it necessary to certify you thereof, that ye

also might keep it, as the feast of the tabernacles, and of the fire,

which was given us when Neemias offered sacrifice, after that he

had builded the temple and the altar.

1:19 For when our fathers were led into Persia, the priests that were

then devout took the fire of the altar privily, and hid it in an

hollow place of a pit without water, where they kept it sure, so

that the place was unknown to all men.

1:20 Now after many years, when it pleased God, Neemias, being sent

from the king of Persia, did send of the posterity of those priests

that had hid it to the fire: but when they told us they found no

fire, but thick water;

1:21 Then commanded he them to draw it up, and to bring it; and when

the sacrifices were laid on, Neemias commanded the priests to

sprinkle the wood and the things laid thereupon with the water.

1:22 When this was done, and the time came that the sun shone, which

afore was hid in the cloud, there was a great fire kindled, so that

every man marvelled.

1:23 And the priests made a prayer whilst the sacrifice was

consuming, I say, both the priests, and all the rest, Jonathan

beginning, and the rest answering thereunto, as Neemias did.

1:24 And the prayer was after this manner; O Lord, Lord God, Creator

of all things, who art fearful and strong, and righteous, and

merciful, and the only and gracious King,

1:25 The only giver of all things, the only just, almighty, and

everlasting, thou that deliverest Israel from all trouble, and didst

choose the fathers, and sanctify them:

1:26 Receive the sacrifice for thy whole people Israel, and preserve

thine own portion, and sanctify it.

1:27 Gather those together that are scattered from us, deliver them that

serve among the heathen, look upon them that are despised and

abhorred, and let the heathen know that thou art our God.

1:28 Punish them that oppress us, and with pride do us wrong.

1:29 Plant thy people again in thy holy place, as Moses hath spoken.

1:30 And the priests sung psalms of thanksgiving.

1:31 Now when the sacrifice was consumed, Neemias commanded the

water that was left to be poured on the great stones.

1:32 When this was done, there was kindled a flame: but it was

consumed by the light that shined from the altar.

1:33 So when this matter was known, it was told the king of Persia,

that in the place, where the priests that were led away had hid the

fire, there appeared water, and that Neemias had purified the

sacrifices therewith.

1:34 Then the king, inclosing the place, made it holy, after he had tried

the matter.

1:35 And the king took many gifts, and bestowed thereof on those

whom he would gratify.

1:36 And Neemias called this thing Naphthar, which is as much as to

say, a cleansing: but many men call it Nephi.


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2:1 It is also found in the records, that Jeremy the prophet

commanded them that were carried away to take of the fire, as it

hath been signified:

2:2 And how that the prophet, having given them the law, charged

them not to forget the commandments of the Lord, and that they

should not err in their minds, when they see images of silver and

gold, with their ornaments.

2:3 And with other such speeches exhorted he them, that the law

should not depart from their hearts.

2:4 It was also contained in the same writing, that the prophet, being

warned of God, commanded the tabernacle and the ark to go with

him, as he went forth into the mountain, where Moses climbed

up, and saw the heritage of God.

2:5 And when Jeremy came thither, he found an hollow cave, wherein

he laid the tabernacle, and the ark, and the altar of incense, and so

stopped the door.

2:6 And some of those that followed him came to mark the way, but

they could not find it.

2:7 Which when Jeremy perceived, he blamed them, saying, As for

that place, it shall be unknown until the time that God gather his

people again together, and receive them unto mercy.

2:8 Then shall the Lord shew them these things, and the glory of the

Lord shall appear, and the cloud also, as it was shewed under

Moses, and as when Solomon desired that the place might be

honourably sanctified.

2:9 It was also declared, that he being wise offered the sacrifice of

dedication, and of the finishing of the temple.

2:10 And as when Moses prayed unto the Lord, the fire came down

from heaven, and consumed the sacrifices: even so prayed

Solomon also, and the fire came down from heaven, and consumed

the burnt offerings.

2:11 And Moses said, Because the sin offering was not to be eaten, it

was consumed.

2:12 So Solomon kept those eight days.

2:13 The same things also were reported in the writings and

commentaries of Neemias; and how he founding a library gathered

together the acts of the kings, and the prophets, and of David, and

the epistles of the kings concerning the holy gifts.

2:14 In like manner also Judas gathered together all those things that

were lost by reason of the war we had, and they remain with us,

2:15 Wherefore if ye have need thereof, send some to fetch them unto


2:16 Whereas we then are about to celebrate the purification, we have

written unto you, and ye shall do well, if ye keep the same days.

2:17 We hope also, that the God, that delivered all his people, and gave

them all an heritage, and the kingdom, and the priesthood, and the


2:18 As he promised in the law, will shortly have mercy upon us, and

gather us together out of every land under heaven into the holy

place: for he hath delivered us out of great troubles, and hath

purified the place.

2:19 Now as concerning Judas Maccabeus, and his brethren, and the

purification of the great temple, and the dedication of the altar,

2:20 And the wars against Antiochus Epiphanes, and Eupator his son,

2:21 And the manifest signs that came from heaven unto those that

behaved themselves manfully to their honour for Judaism: so that,

being but a few, they overcame the whole country, and chased

barbarous multitudes,

2:22 And recovered again the temple renowned all the world over, and

freed the city, and upheld the laws which were going down, the

Lord being gracious unto them with all favour:

2:23 All these things, I say, being declared by Jason of Cyrene in five

books, we will assay to abridge in one volume.

2:24 For considering the infinite number, and the difficulty which they

find that desire to look into the narrations of the story, for the

variety of the matter,

2:25 We have been careful, that they that will read may have delight,

and that they that are desirous to commit to memory might have

ease, and that all into whose hands it comes might have profit.

2:26 Therefore to us, that have taken upon us this painful labour of

abridging, it was not easy, but a matter of sweat and watching;

2:27 Even as it is no ease unto him that prepareth a banquet, and

seeketh the benefit of others: yet for the pleasuring of many we

will undertake gladly this great pains;

2:28 Leaving to the author the exact handling of every particular, and

labouring to follow the rules of an abridgement.

2:29 For as the master builder of a new house must care for the whole

building; but he that undertaketh to set it out, and paint it, must

seek out fit things for the adorning thereof: even so I think it is

with us.

2:30 To stand upon every point, and go over things at large, and to be

curious in particulars, belongeth to the first author of the story:

2:31 But to use brevity, and avoid much labouring of the work, is to be

granted to him that will make an abridgment.

2:32 Here then will we begin the story: only adding thus much to that

which hath been said, that it is a foolish thing to make a long

prologue, and to be short in the story itself.


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3:1 Now when the holy city was inhabited with all peace, and the

laws were kept very well, because of the godliness of Onias the

high priest, and his hatred of wickedness,

3:2 It came to pass that even the kings themselves did honour the

place, and magnify the temple with their best gifts;

3:3 Insomuch that Seleucus of Asia of his own revenues bare all the

costs belonging to the service of the sacrifices.

3:4 But one Simon of the tribe of Benjamin, who was made governor

of the temple, fell out with the high priest about disorder in the


3:5 And when he could not overcome Onias, he gat him to Apollonius

the son of Thraseas, who then was governor of Celosyria and


3:6 And told him that the treasury in Jerusalem was full of infinite

sums of money, so that the multitude of their riches, which did

not pertain to the account of the sacrifices, was innumerable, and

that it was possible to bring all into the king's hand.

3:7 Now when Apollonius came to the king, and had shewed him of

the money whereof he was told, the king chose out Heliodorus his

treasurer, and sent him with a commandment to bring him the

foresaid money.

3:8 So forthwith Heliodorus took his journey; under a colour of

visiting the cities of Celosyria and Phenice, but indeed to fulfil the

king's purpose.

3:9 And when he was come to Jerusalem, and had been courteously

received of the high priest of the city, he told him what

intelligence was given of the money, and declared wherefore he

came, and asked if these things were so indeed.

3:10 Then the high priest told him that there was such money laid up

for the relief of widows and fatherless children:

3:11 And that some of it belonged to Hircanus son of Tobias, a man of

great dignity, and not as that wicked Simon had misinformed: the

sum whereof in all was four hundred talents of silver, and two

hundred of gold:

3:12 And that it was altogether impossible that such wrongs should be

done unto them, that had committed it to the holiness of the

place, and to the majesty and inviolable sanctity of the temple,

honoured over all the world.

3:13 But Heliodorus, because of the king's commandment given him,

said, That in any wise it must be brought into the king's treasury.

3:14 So at the day which he appointed he entered in to order this

matter: wherefore there was no small agony throughout the whole


3:15 But the priests, prostrating themselves before the altar in their

priests' vestments, called unto heaven upon him that made a law

concerning things given to he kept, that they should safely be

preserved for such as had committed them to be kept.

3:16 Then whoso had looked the high priest in the face, it would have

wounded his heart: for his countenance and the changing of his

colour declared the inward agony of his mind.

3:17 For the man was so compassed with fear and horror of the body,

that it was manifest to them that looked upon him, what sorrow

he had now in his heart.

3:18 Others ran flocking out of their houses to the general

supplication, because the place was like to come into contempt.

3:19 And the women, girt with sackcloth under their breasts, abounded

in the streets, and the virgins that were kept in ran, some to the

gates, and some to the walls, and others looked out of the


3:20 And all, holding their hands toward heaven, made supplication.

3:21 Then it would have pitied a man to see the falling down of the

multitude of all sorts, and the fear of the high priest being in such

an agony.

3:22 They then called upon the Almighty Lord to keep the things

committed of trust safe and sure for those that had committed


3:23 Nevertheless Heliodorus executed that which was decreed.

3:24 Now as he was there present himself with his guard about the

treasury, the Lord of spirits, and the Prince of all power, caused a

great apparition, so that all that presumed to come in with him

were astonished at the power of God, and fainted, and were sore


3:25 For there appeared unto them an horse with a terrible rider upon

him, and adorned with a very fair covering, and he ran fiercely,

and smote at Heliodorus with his forefeet, and it seemed that he

that sat upon the horse had complete harness of gold.

3:26 Moreover two other young men appeared before him, notable in

strength, excellent in beauty, and comely in apparel, who stood

by him on either side; and scourged him continually, and gave him

many sore stripes.

3:27 And Heliodorus fell suddenly unto the ground, and was

compassed with great darkness: but they that were with him took

him up, and put him into a litter.

3:28 Thus him, that lately came with a great train and with all his guard

into the said treasury, they carried out, being unable to help

himself with his weapons: and manifestly they acknowledged the

power of God.

3:29 For he by the hand of God was cast down, and lay speechless

without all hope of life.

3:30 But they praised the Lord, that had miraculously honoured his

own place: for the temple; which a little afore was full of fear and

trouble, when the Almighty Lord appeared, was filled with joy

and gladness.

3:31 Then straightways certain of Heliodorus' friends prayed Onias,

that he would call upon the most High to grant him his life, who

lay ready to give up the ghost.

3:32 So the high priest, suspecting lest the king should misconceive

that some treachery had been done to Heliodorus by the Jews,

offered a sacrifice for the health of the man.

3:33 Now as the high priest was making an atonement, the same young

men in the same clothing appeared and stood beside Heliodorus,

saying, Give Onias the high priest great thanks, insomuch as for

his sake the Lord hath granted thee life:

3:34 And seeing that thou hast been scourged from heaven, declare

unto all men the mighty power of God. And when they had

spoken these words, they appeared no more.

3:35 So Heliodorus, after he had offered sacrifice unto the Lord, and

made great vows unto him that had saved his life, and saluted

Onias, returned with his host to the king.

3:36 Then testified he to all men the works of the great God, which he

had seen with his eyes.

3:37 And when the king Heliodorus, who might be a fit man to be sent

yet once again to Jerusalem, he said,

3:38 If thou hast any enemy or traitor, send him thither, and thou shalt

receive him well scourged, if he escape with his life: for in that

place, no doubt; there is an especial power of God.

3:39 For he that dwelleth in heaven hath his eye on that place, and

defendeth it; and he beateth and destroyeth them that come to

hurt it.

3:40 And the things concerning Heliodorus, and the keeping of the

treasury, fell out on this sort.


The Second Book of



4:1 This Simon now, of whom we spake afore, having been a betrayer

of the money, and of his country, slandered Onias, as if he ha

terrified Heliodorus, and been the worker of these evils.

4:2 Thus was he bold to call him a traitor, that had deserved well of

the city, and tendered his own nation, and was so zealous of the


4:3 But when their hatred went so far, that by one of Simon's faction

murders were committed,

4:4 Onias seeing the danger of this contention, and that Apollonius,

as being the governor of Celosyria and Phenice, did rage, and

increase Simon's malice,

4:5 He went to the king, not to be an accuser of his countrymen, but

seeking the good of all, both publick and private:

4:6 For he saw that it was impossible that the state should continue

quiet, and Simon leave his folly, unless the king did look


4:7 But after the death of Seleucus, when Antiochus, called

Epiphanes, took the kingdom, Jason the brother of Onias

laboured underhand to be high priest,

4:8 Promising unto the king by intercession three hundred and

threescore talents of silver, and of another revenue eighty talents:

4:9 Beside this, he promised to assign an hundred and fifty more, if

he might have licence to set him up a place for exercise, and for

the training up of youth in the fashions of the heathen, and to

write them of Jerusalem by the name of Antiochians.

4:10 Which when the king had granted, and he had gotten into his hand

the rule he forthwith brought his own nation to Greekish fashion.

4:11 And the royal privileges granted of special favour to the Jews by

the means of John the father of Eupolemus, who went

ambassador to Rome for amity and aid, he took away; and putting

down the governments which were according to the law, he

brought up new customs against the law:

4:12 For he built gladly a place of exercise under the tower itself, and

brought the chief young men under his subjection, and made them

wear a hat.

4:13 Now such was the height of Greek fashions, and increase of

heathenish manners, through the exceeding profaneness of Jason,

that ungodly wretch, and no high priest;

4:14 That the priests had no courage to serve any more at the altar, but

despising the temple, and neglecting the sacrifices, hastened to be

partakers of the unlawful allowance in the place of exercise, after

the game of Discus called them forth;

4:15 Not setting by the honours of their fathers, but liking the glory of

the Grecians best of all.

4:16 By reason whereof sore calamity came upon them: for they had

them to be their enemies and avengers, whose custom they

followed so earnestly, and unto whom they desired to be like in

all things.

4:17 For it is not a light thing to do wickedly against the laws of God:

but the time following shall declare these things.

4:18 Now when the game that was used every faith year was kept at

Tyrus, the king being present,

4:19 This ungracious Jason sent special messengers from Jerusalem,

who were Antiochians, to carry three hundred drachms of silver

to the sacrifice of Hercules, which even the bearers thereof

thought fit not to bestow upon the sacrifice, because it was not

convenient, but to be reserved for other charges.

4:20 This money then, in regard of the sender, was appointed to

Hercules' sacrifice; but because of the bearers thereof, it was

employed to the making of gallies.

4:21 Now when Apollonius the son of Menestheus was sent into

Egypt for the coronation of king Ptolemeus Philometor,

Antiochus, understanding him not to be well affected to his

affairs, provided for his own safety: whereupon he came to

Joppa, and from thence to Jerusalem:

4:22 Where he was honourably received of Jason, and of the city, and

was brought in with torch alight, and with great shoutings: and so

afterward went with his host unto Phenice.

4:23 Three years afterward Jason sent Menelaus, the aforesaid Simon's

brother, to bear the money unto the king, and to put him in mind

of certain necessary matters.

4:24 But he being brought to the presence of the king, when he had

magnified him for the glorious appearance of his power, got the

priesthood to himself, offering more than Jason by three hundred

talents of silver.

4:25 So he came with the king's mandate, bringing nothing worthy the

high priesthood, but having the fury of a cruel tyrant, and the rage

of a savage beast.

4:26 Then Jason, who had undermined his own brother, being

undermined by another, was compelled to flee into the country of

the Ammonites.

4:27 So Menelaus got the principality: but as for the money that he

had promised unto the king, he took no good order for it, albeit

Sostratis the ruler of the castle required it:

4:28 For unto him appertained the gathering of the customs. Wherefore

they were both called before the king.

4:29 Now Menelaus left his brother Lysimachus in his stead in the

priesthood; and Sostratus left Crates, who was governor of the


4:30 While those things were in doing, they of Tarsus and Mallos

made insurrection, because they were given to the king's

concubine, called Antiochus.

4:31 Then came the king in all haste to appease matters, leaving

Andronicus, a man in authority, for his deputy.

4:32 Now Menelaus, supposing that he had gotten a convenient time,

stole certain vessels of gold out of the temple, and gave some of

them to Andronicus, and some he sold into Tyrus and the cities

round about.

4:33 Which when Onias knew of a surety, he reproved him, and

withdrew himself into a sanctuary at Daphne, that lieth by


4:34 Wherefore Menelaus, taking Andronicus apart, prayed, him to get

Onias into his hands; who being persuaded thereunto, and coming

to Onias in deceit, gave him his right hand with oaths; and though

he were suspected by him, yet persuaded he him to come forth of

the sanctuary: whom forthwith he shut up without regard of


4:35 For the which cause not only the Jews, but many also of other

nations, took great indignation, and were much grieved for the

unjust murder of the man.

4:36 And when the king was come again from the places about Cilicia,

the Jews that were in the city, and certain of the Greeks that

abhorred the fact also, complained because Onias was slain

without cause.

4:37 Therefore Antiochus was heartily sorry, and moved to pity, and

wept, because of the sober and modest behaviour of him that was


4:38 And being kindled with anger, forthwith he took away

Andronicus his purple, and rent off his clothes, and leading him

through the whole city unto that very place, where he had

committed impiety against Onias, there slew he the cursed

murderer. Thus the Lord rewarded him his punishment, as he had


4:39 Now when many sacrileges had been committed in the city by

Lysimachus with the consent of Menelaus, and the fruit thereof

was spread abroad, the multitude gathered themselves together

against Lysimachus, many vessels of gold being already carried


4:40 Whereupon the common people rising, and being filled with rage,

Lysimachus armed about three thousand men, and began first to

offer violence; one Auranus being the leader, a man far gone in

years, and no less in folly.

4:41 They then seeing the attempt of Lysimachus, some of them

caught stones, some clubs, others taking handfuls of dust, that

was next at hand, cast them all together upon Lysimachus, and

those that set upon them.

4:42 Thus many of them they wounded, and some they struck to the

ground, and all of them they forced to flee: but as for the

churchrobber himself, him they killed beside the treasury.

4:43 Of these matters therefore there was an accusation laid against


4:44 Now when the king came to Tyrus, three men that were sent from

the senate pleaded the cause before him:

4:45 But Menelaus, being now convicted, promised Ptolemee the son

of Dorymenes to give him much money, if he would pacify the

king toward him.

4:46 Whereupon Ptolemee taking the king aside into a certain gallery,

as it were to take the air, brought him to be of another mind:

4:47 Insomuch that he discharged Menelaus from the accusations, who

notwithstanding was cause of all the mischief: and those poor

men, who, if they had told their cause, yea, before the Scythians,

should have been judged innocent, them he condemned to death.

4:48 Thus they that followed the matter for the city, and for the

people, and for the holy vessels, did soon suffer unjust


4:49 Wherefore even they of Tyrus, moved with hatred of that wicked

deed, caused them to be honourably buried.

4:50 And so through the covetousness of them that were of power

Menelaus remained still in authority, increasing in malice, and

being a great traitor to the citizens.


The Second Book of



5:1 About the same time Antiochus prepared his second voyage into


5:2 And then it happened, that through all the city, for the space

almost of forty days, there were seen horsemen running in the air,

in cloth of gold, and armed with lances, like a band of soldiers,

5:3 And troops of horsemen in array, encountering and running one

against another, with shaking of shields, and multitude of pikes,

and drawing of swords, and casting of darts, and glittering of

golden ornaments, and harness of all sorts.

5:4 Wherefore every man prayed that that apparition might turn to


5:5 Now when there was gone forth a false rumour, as though

Antiochus had been dead, Jason took at the least a thousand men,

and suddenly made an assault upon the city; and they that were

upon the walls being put back, and the city at length taken,

Menelaus fled into the castle:

5:6 But Jason slew his own citizens without mercy, not considering

that to get the day of them of his own nation would be a most

unhappy day for him; but thinking they had been his enemies,

and not his countrymen, whom he conquered.

5:7 Howbeit for all this he obtained not the principality, but at the

last received shame for the reward of his treason, and fled again

into the country of the Ammonites.

5:8 In the end therefore he had an unhappy return, being accused

before Aretas the king of the Arabians, fleeing from city to city,

pursued of all men, hated as a forsaker of the laws, and being had

in abomination as an open enemy of his country and countrymen,

he was cast out into Egypt.

5:9 Thus he that had driven many out of their country perished in a

strange land, retiring to the Lacedemonians, and thinking there to

find succour by reason of his kindred:

5:10 And he that had cast out many unburied had none to mourn for

him, nor any solemn funerals at all, nor sepulchre with his fathers.

5:11 Now when this that was done came to the king's car, he thought

that Judea had revolted: whereupon removing out of Egypt in a

furious mind, he took the city by force of arms,

5:12 And commanded his men of war not to spare such as they met,

and to slay such as went up upon the houses.

5:13 Thus there was killing of young and old, making away of men,

women, and children, slaying of virgins and infants.

5:14 And there were destroyed within the space of three whole days

fourscore thousand, whereof forty thousand were slain in the

conflict; and no fewer sold than slain.

5:15 Yet was he not content with this, but presumed to go into the

most holy temple of all the world; Menelaus, that traitor to the

laws, and to his own country, being his guide:

5:16 And taking the holy vessels with polluted hands, and with

profane hands pulling down the things that were dedicated by

other kings to the augmentation and glory and honour of the

place, he gave them away.

5:17 And so haughty was Antiochus in mind, that he considered not

that the Lord was angry for a while for the sins of them that

dwelt in the city, and therefore his eye was not upon the place.

5:18 For had they not been formerly wrapped in many sins, this man,

as soon as he had come, had forthwith been scourged, and put

back from his presumption, as Heliodorus was, whom Seleucus

the king sent to view the treasury.

5:19 Nevertheless God did not choose the people for the place's sake,

but the place far the people's sake.

5:20 And therefore the place itself, that was partaker with them of the

adversity that happened to the nation, did afterward communicate

in the benefits sent from the Lord: and as it was forsaken in the

wrath of the Almighty, so again, the great Lord being reconciled, it

was set up with all glory.

5:21 So when Antiochus had carried out of the temple a thousand and

eight hundred talents, he departed in all haste unto Antiochia,

weening in his pride to make the land navigable, and the sea

passable by foot: such was the haughtiness of his mind.

5:22 And he left governors to vex the nation: at Jerusalem, Philip, for

his country a Phrygian, and for manners more barbarous than he

that set him there;

5:23 And at Garizim, Andronicus; and besides, Menelaus, who worse

than all the rest bare an heavy hand over the citizens, having a

malicious mind against his countrymen the Jews.

5:24 He sent also that detestable ringleader Apollonius with an army

of two and twenty thousand, commanding him to slay all those

that were in their best age, and to sell the women and the younger


5:25 Who coming to Jerusalem, and pretending peace, did forbear till

the holy day of the sabbath, when taking the Jews keeping holy

day, he commanded his men to arm themselves.

5:26 And so he slew all them that were gone to the celebrating of the

sabbath, and running through the city with weapons slew great


5:27 But Judas Maccabeus with nine others, or thereabout, withdrew

himself into the wilderness, and lived in the mountains after the

manner of beasts, with his company, who fed on herbs

continually, lest they should be partakers of the pollution.


The Second Book of


6:1 Not long after this the king sent an old man of Athens to compel

the Jews to depart from the laws of their fathers, and not to live

after the laws of God:

6:2 And to pollute also the temple in Jerusalem, and to call it the

temple of Jupiter Olympius; and that in Garizim, of Jupiter the

Defender of strangers, as they did desire that dwelt in the place.

6:3 The coming in of this mischief was sore and grievous to the


6:4 For the temple was filled with riot and revelling by the Gentiles,

who dallied with harlots, and had to do with women within the

circuit of the holy places, and besides that brought in things that

were not lawful.

6:5 The altar also was filled with profane things, which the law


6:6 Neither was it lawful for a man to keep sabbath days or ancient

fasts, or to profess himself at all to be a Jew.

6:7 And in the day of the king's birth every month they were brought

by bitter constraint to eat of the sacrifices; and when the fast of

Bacchus was kept, the Jews were compelled to go in procession

to Bacchus, carrying ivy.

6:8 Moreover there went out a decree to the neighbour cities of the

heathen, by the suggestion of Ptolemee, against the Jews, that

they should observe the same fashions, and be partakers of their


6:9 And whoso would not conform themselves to the manners of the

Gentiles should be put to death. Then might a man have seen the

present misery.

6:10 For there were two women brought, who had circumcised their

children; whom when they had openly led round about the city,

the babes handing at their breasts, they cast them down headlong

from the wall.

6:11 And others, that had run together into caves near by, to keep the

sabbath day secretly, being discovered by Philip, were all burnt

together, because they made a conscience to help themselves for

the honour of the most sacred day.

6:12 Now I beseech those that read this book, that they be not

discouraged for these calamities, but that they judge those

punishments not to be for destruction, but for a chastening of our


6:13 For it is a token of his great goodness, when wicked doers are not

suffered any long time, but forthwith punished.

6:14 For not as with other nations, whom the Lord patiently

forbeareth to punish, till they be come to the fulness of their sins,

so dealeth he with us,

6:15 Lest that, being come to the height of sin, afterwards he should

take vengeance of us.

6:16 And therefore he never withdraweth his mercy from us: and

though he punish with adversity, yet doth he never forsake his


6:17 But let this that we at spoken be for a warning unto us. And now

will we come to the declaring of the matter in a few words.

6:18 Eleazar, one of the principal scribes, an aged man, and of a well

favoured countenance, was constrained to open his mouth, and to

eat swine's flesh.

6:19 But he, choosing rather to die gloriously, than to live stained with

such an abomination, spit it forth, and came of his own accord to

the torment,

6:20 As it behoved them to come, that are resolute to stand out against

such things, as are not lawful for love of life to be tasted.

6:21 But they that had the charge of that wicked feast, for the old

acquaintance they had with the man, taking him aside, besought

him to bring flesh of his own provision, such as was lawful for

him to use, and make as if he did eat of the flesh taken from the

sacrifice commanded by the king;

6:22 That in so doing he might be delivered from death, and for the old

friendship with them find favour.

6:23 But he began to consider discreetly, and as became his age, and

the excellency of his ancient years, and the honour of his gray

head, whereon was come, and his most honest education from a

child, or rather the holy law made and given by God: therefore he

answered accordingly, and willed them straightways to send him

to the grave.

6:24 For it becometh not our age, said he, in any wise to dissemble,

whereby many young persons might think that Eleazar, being

fourscore years old and ten, were now gone to a strange religion;

6:25 And so they through mine hypocrisy, and desire to live a little

time and a moment longer, should be deceived by me, and I get a

stain to mine old age, and make it abominable.

6:26 For though for the present time I should be delivered from the

punishment of men: yet should I not escape the hand of the

Almighty, neither alive, nor dead.

6:27 Wherefore now, manfully changing this life, I will shew myself

such an one as mine age requireth,

6:28 And leave a notable example to such as be young to die willingly

and courageously for the honourable and holy laws. And when he

had said these words, immediately he went to the torment:

6:29 They that led him changing the good will they bare him a little

before into hatred, because the foresaid speeches proceeded, as

they thought, from a desperate mind.

6:30 But when he was ready to die with stripes, he groaned, and said,

It is manifest unto the Lord, that hath the holy knowledge, that

whereas I might have been delivered from death, I now endure

sore pains in body by being beaten: but in soul am well content to

suffer these things, because I fear him.

6:31 And thus this man died, leaving his death for an example of a

noble courage, and a memorial of virtue, not only unto young

men, but unto all his nation.


The Second Book of


7:1 It came to pass also, that seven brethren with their mother were

taken, and compelled by the king against the law to taste swine's

flesh, and were tormented with scourges and whips.

7:2 But one of them that spake first said thus, What wouldest thou

ask or learn of us? we are ready to die, rather than to transgress

the laws of our fathers.

7:3 Then the king, being in a rage, commanded pans and caldrons to

be made hot:

7:4 Which forthwith being heated, he commanded to cut out the

tongue of him that spake first, and to cut off the utmost parts of

his body, the rest of his brethren and his mother looking on.

7:5 Now when he was thus maimed in all his members, he

commanded him being yet alive to be brought to the fire, and to be

fried in the pan: and as the vapour of the pan was for a good

space dispersed, they exhorted one another with the mother to die

manfully, saying thus,

7:6 The Lord God looketh upon us, and in truth hath comfort in us,

as Moses in his song, which witnessed to their faces, declared,

saying, And he shall be comforted in his servants.

7:7 So when the first was dead after this number, they brought the

second to make him a mocking stock: and when they had pulled

off the skin of his head with the hair, they asked him, Wilt thou

eat, before thou be punished throughout every member of thy


7:8 But he answered in his own language, and said, No. Wherefore he

also received the next torment in order, as the former did.

7:9 And when he was at the last gasp, he said, Thou like a fury takest

us out of this present life, but the King of the world shall raise us

up, who have died for his laws, unto everlasting life.

7:10 After him was the third made a mocking stock: and when he was

required, he put out his tongue, and that right soon, holding forth

his hands manfully.

7:11 And said courageously, These I had from heaven; and for his laws

I despise them; and from him I hope to receive them again.

7:12 Insomuch that the king, and they that were with him, marvelled at

the young man's courage, for that he nothing regarded the pains.

7:13 Now when this man was dead also, they tormented and mangled

the fourth in like manner.

7:14 So when he was ready to die he said thus, It is good, being put to

death by men, to look for hope from God to be raised up again by

him: as for thee, thou shalt have no resurrection to life.

7:15 Afterward they brought the fifth also, and mangled him.

7:16 Then looked he unto the king, and said, Thou hast power over

men, thou art corruptible, thou doest what thou wilt; yet think

not that our nation is forsaken of God;

7:17 But abide a while, and behold his great power, how he will

torment thee and thy seed.

7:18 After him also they brought the sixth, who being ready to die

said, Be not deceived without cause: for we suffer these things for

ourselves, having sinned against our God: therefore marvellous

things are done unto us.

7:19 But think not thou, that takest in hand to strive against God, that

thou shalt escape unpunished.

7:20 But the mother was marvellous above all, and worthy of

honourable memory: for when she saw her seven sons slain

within the space of one day, she bare it with a good courage,

because of the hope that she had in the Lord.

7:21 Yea, she exhorted every one of them in her own language, filled

with courageous spirits; and stirring up her womanish thoughts

with a manly stomach, she said unto them,

7:22 I cannot tell how ye came into my womb: for I neither gave you

breath nor life, neither was it I that formed the members of every

one of you;

7:23 But doubtless the Creator of the world, who formed the

generation of man, and found out the beginning of all things, will

also of his own mercy give you breath and life again, as ye now

regard not your own selves for his laws' sake.

7:24 Now Antiochus, thinking himself despised, and suspecting it to

be a reproachful speech, whilst the youngest was yet alive, did

not only exhort him by words, but also assured him with oaths,

that he would make him both a rich and a happy man, if he would

turn from the laws of his fathers; and that also he would take him

for his friend, and trust him with affairs.

7:25 But when the young man would in no case hearken unto him, the

king called his mother, and exhorted her that she would counsel

the young man to save his life.

7:26 And when he had exhorted her with many words, she promised

him that she would counsel her son.

7:27 But she bowing herself toward him, laughing the cruel tyrant to

scorn, spake in her country language on this manner; O my son,

have pity upon me that bare thee nine months in my womb, and

gave thee such three years, and nourished thee, and brought thee

up unto this age, and endured the troubles of education.

7:28 I beseech thee, my son, look upon the heaven and the earth, and

all that is therein, and consider that God made them of things that

were not; and so was mankind made likewise.

7:29 Fear not this tormentor, but, being worthy of thy brethren, take

thy death that I may receive thee again in mercy with thy


7:30 Whiles she was yet speaking these words, the young man said,

Whom wait ye for? I will not obey the king's commandment: but I

will obey the commandment of the law that was given unto our

fathers by Moses.

7:31 And thou, that hast been the author of all mischief against the

Hebrews, shalt not escape the hands of God.

7:32 For we suffer because of our sins.

7:33 And though the living Lord be angry with us a little while for our

chastening and correction, yet shall he be at one again with his


7:34 But thou, O godless man, and of all other most wicked, be not

lifted up without a cause, nor puffed up with uncertain hopes,

lifting up thy hand against the servants of God:

7:35 For thou hast not yet escaped the judgment of Almighty God,

who seeth all things.

7:36 For our brethren, who now have suffered a short pain, are dead

under God's covenant of everlasting life: but thou, through the

judgment of God, shalt receive just punishment for thy pride.

7:37 But I, as my brethren, offer up my body and life for the laws of

our fathers, beseeching God that he would speedily be merciful

unto our nation; and that thou by torments and plagues mayest

confess, that he alone is God;

7:38 And that in me and my brethren the wrath of the Almighty,

which is justly brought upon our nation, may cease.

7:39 Than the king' being in a rage, handed him worse than all the rest,

and took it grievously that he was mocked.

7:40 So this man died undefiled, and put his whole trust in the Lord.

7:41 Last of all after the sons the mother died.

7:42 Let this be enough now to have spoken concerning the idolatrous

feasts, and the extreme tortures.


The Second Book of


8:1 Then Judas Maccabeus, and they that were with him, went

privily into the towns, and called their kinsfolks together, and

took unto them all such as continued in the Jews' religion, and

assembled about six thousand men.

8:2 And they called upon the Lord, that he would look upon the

people that was trodden down of all; and also pity the temple

profaned of ungodly men;

8:3 And that he would have compassion upon the city, sore defaced,

and ready to be made even with the ground; and hear the blood

that cried unto him,

8:4 And remember the wicked slaughter of harmless infants, and the

blasphemies committed against his name; and that he would shew

his hatred against the wicked.

8:5 Now when Maccabeus had his company about him, he could not

be withstood by the heathen: for the wrath of the Lord was

turned into mercy.

8:6 Therefore he came at unawares, and burnt up towns and cities,

and got into his hands the most commodious places, and

overcame and put to flight no small number of his enemies.

8:7 But specially took he advantage of the night for such privy

attempts, insomuch that the fruit of his holiness was spread

every where.

8:8 So when Philip saw that this man increased by little and little, and

that things prospered with him still more and more, he wrote unto

Ptolemeus, the governor of Celosyria and Phenice, to yield more

aid to the king's affairs.

8:9 Then forthwith choosing Nicanor the son of Patroclus, one of his

special friends, he sent him with no fewer than twenty thousand

of all nations under him, to root out the whole generation of the

Jews; and with him he joined also Gorgias a captain, who in

matters of war had great experience.

8:10 So Nicanor undertook to make so much money of the captive

Jews, as should defray the tribute of two thousand talents, which

the king was to pay to the Romans.

8:11 Wherefore immediately he sent to the cities upon the sea coast,

proclaiming a sale of the captive Jews, and promising that they

should have fourscore and ten bodies for one talent, not expecting

the vengeance that was to follow upon him from the Almighty


8:12 Now when word was brought unto Judas of Nicanor's coming,

and he had imparted unto those that were with him that the army

was at hand,

8:13 They that were fearful, and distrusted the justice of God, fled,

and conveyed themselves away.

8:14 Others sold all that they had left, and withal besought the Lord to

deliver them, sold by the wicked Nicanor before they met


8:15 And if not for their own sakes, yet for the covenants he had made

with their fathers, and for his holy and glorious name's sake, by

which they were called.

8:16 So Maccabeus called his men together unto the number of six

thousand, and exhorted them not to be stricken with terror of the

enemy, nor to fear the great multitude of the heathen, who came

wrongly against them; but to fight manfully,

8:17 And to set before their eyes the injury that they had unjustly

done to the holy place, and the cruel handling of the city, whereof

they made a mockery, and also the taking away of the government

of their forefathers:

8:18 For they, said he, trust in their weapons and boldness; but our

confidence is in the Almighty who at a beck can cast down both

them that come against us, and also all the world.

8:19 Moreover, he recounted unto them what helps their forefathers

had found, and how they were delivered, when under Sennacherib

an hundred fourscore and five thousand perished.

8:20 And he told them of the battle that they had in Babylon with the

Galatians, how they came but eight thousand in all to the

business, with four thousand Macedonians, and that the

Macedonians being perplexed, the eight thousand destroyed an

hundred and twenty thousand because of the help that they had

from heaven, and so received a great booty.

8:21 Thus when he had made them bold with these words, and ready

to die for the law and the country, he divided his army into four


8:22 And joined with himself his own brethren, leaders of each band,

to wit Simon, and Joseph, and Jonathan, giving each one fifteen

hundred men.

8:23 Also he appointed Eleazar to read the holy book: and when he

had given them this watchword, The help of God; himself leading

the first band,

8:24 And by the help of the Almighty they slew above nine thousand

of their enemies, and wounded and maimed the most part of

Nicanor's host, and so put all to flight;

8:25 And took their money that came to buy them, and pursued them

far: but lacking time they returned:

8:26 For it was the day before the sabbath, and therefore they would

no longer pursue them.

8:27 So when they had gathered their armour together, and spoiled

their enemies, they occupied themselves about the sabbath,

yielding exceeding praise and thanks to the Lord, who had

preserved them unto that day, which was the beginning of mercy

distilling upon them.

8:28 And after the sabbath, when they had given part of the spoils to

the maimed, and the widows, and orphans, the residue they

divided among themselves and their servants.

8:29 When this was done, and they had made a common supplication,

they besought the merciful Lord to be reconciled with his servants

for ever.

8:30 Moreover of those that were with Timotheus and Bacchides, who

fought against them, they slew above twenty thousand, and very

easily got high and strong holds, and divided among themselves

many spoils more, and made the maimed, orphans, widows, yea,

and the aged also, equal in spoils with themselves.

8:31 And when they had gathered their armour together, they laid them

up all carefully in convenient places, and the remnant of the

spoils they brought to Jerusalem.

8:32 They slew also Philarches, that wicked person, who was with

Timotheus, and had annoyed the Jews many ways.

8:33 Furthermore at such time as they kept the feast for the victory in

their country they burnt Callisthenes, that had set fire upon the

holy gates, who had fled into a little house; and so he received a

reward meet for his wickedness.

8:34 As for that most ungracious Nicanor, who had brought a thousand

merchants to buy the Jews,

8:35 He was through the help of the Lord brought down by them, of

whom he made least account; and putting off his glorious apparel,

and discharging his company, he came like a fugitive servant

through the midland unto Antioch having very great dishonour,

for that his host was destroyed.

8:36 Thus he, that took upon him to make good to the Romans their

tribute by means of captives in Jerusalem, told abroad, that the

Jews had God to fight for them, and therefore they could not be

hurt, because they followed the laws that he gave them.


The Second Book of


9:1 About that time came Antiochus with dishonour out of the

country of Persia

9:2 For he had entered the city called Persepolis, and went about to

rob the temple, and to hold the city; whereupon the multitude

running to defend themselves with their weapons put them to

flight; and so it happened, that Antiochus being put to flight of

the inhabitants returned with shame.

9:3 Now when he came to Ecbatane, news was brought him what had

happened unto Nicanor and Timotheus.

9:4 Then swelling with anger. he thought to avenge upon the Jews the

disgrace done unto him by those that made him flee. Therefore

commanded he his chariotman to drive without ceasing, and to

dispatch the journey, the judgment of GOd now following him.

For he had spoken proudly in this sort, That he would come to

Jerusalem and make it a common burying place of the Jews.

9:5 But the Lord Almighty, the God of Isreal, smote him with an

incurable and invisible plague: or as soon as he had spoken these

words, a pain of the bowels that was remediless came upon him,

and sore torments of the inner parts;

9:6 And that most justly: for he had tormented other men's bowels

with many and strange torments.

9:7 Howbeit he nothing at all ceased from his bragging, but still was

filled with pride, breathing out fire in his rage against the Jews,

and commanding to haste the journey: but it came to pass that he

fell down from his chariot, carried violently; so that having a sore

fall, all the members of his body were much pained.

9:8 And thus he that a little afore thought he might command the

waves of the sea, (so proud was he beyond the condition of man)

and weigh the high mountains in a balance, was now cast on the

ground, and carried in an horselitter, shewing forth unto all the

manifest power of God.

9:9 So that the worms rose up out of the body of this wicked man,

and whiles he lived in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell away, and

the filthiness of his smell was noisome to all his army.

9:10 And the man, that thought a little afore he could reach to the stars

of heaven, no man could endure to carry for his intolerable stink.

9:11 Here therefore, being plagued, he began to leave off his great

pride, and to come to the knowledge of himself by the scourge of

God, his pain increasing every moment.

9:12 And when he himself could not abide his own smell, he said these

words, It is meet to be subject unto God, and that a man that is

mortal should not proudly think of himself if he were God.

9:13 This wicked person vowed also unto the Lord, who now no more

would have mercy upon him, saying thus,

9:14 That the holy city (to the which he was going in haste to lay it

even with the ground, and to make it a common buryingplace,) he

would set at liberty:

9:15 And as touching the Jews, whom he had judged not worthy so

much as to be buried, but to be cast out with their children to be

devoured of the fowls and wild beasts, he would make them all

equals to the citizens of Athens:

9:16 And the holy temple, which before he had spoiled, he would

garnish with goodly gifts, and restore all the holy vessels with

many more, and out of his own revenue defray the charges

belonging to the sacrifices:

9:17 Yea, and that also he would become a Jew himself, and go through

all the world that was inhabited, and declare the power of God.

9:18 But for all this his pains would not cease: for the just judgment of

God was come upon him: therefore despairing of his health, he

wrote unto the Jews the letter underwritten, containing the form

of a supplication, after this manner:

9:19 Antiochus, king and governor, to the good Jews his citizens

wisheth much joy, health, and prosperity:

9:20 If ye and your children fare well, and your affairs be to your

contentment, I give very great thanks to God, having my hope in


9:21 As for me, I was weak, or else I would have remembered kindly

your honour and good will returning out of Persia, and being taken

with a grievous disease, I thought it necessary to care for the

common safety of all:

9:22 Not distrusting mine health, but having great hope to escape this


9:23 But considering that even my father, at what time he led an army

into the high countries. appointed a successor,

9:24 To the end that, if any thing fell out contrary to expectation, or if

any tidings were brought that were grievous, they of the land,

knowing to whom the state was left, might not be troubled:

9:25 Again, considering how that the princes that are borderers and

neighbours unto my kingdom wait for opportunities, and expect

what shall be the event. I have appointed my son Antiochus king,

whom I often committed and commended unto many of you,

when I went up into the high provinces; to whom I have written

as followeth:

9:26 Therefore I pray and request you to remember the benefits that I

have done unto you generally, and in special, and that every man

will be still faithful to me and my son.

9:27 For I am persuaded that he understanding my mind will

favourably and graciously yield to your desires.

9:28 Thus the murderer and blasphemer having suffered most

grievously, as he entreated other men, so died he a miserable death

in a strange country in the mountains.

9:29 And Philip, that was brought up with him, carried away his body,

who also fearing the son of Antiochus went into Egypt to

Ptolemeus Philometor.


The Second Book of


10:1 Now Maccabeus and his company, the Lord guiding them,

recovered the temple and the city:

10:2 But the altars which the heathen had built in the open street, and

also the chapels, they pulled down.

10:3 And having cleansed the temple they made another altar, and

striking stones they took fire out of them, and offered a sacrifice

after two years, and set forth incense, and lights, and shewbread.

10:4 When that was done, they fell flat down, and besought the Lord

that they might come no more into such troubles; but if they

sinned any more against him, that he himself would chasten them

with mercy, and that they might not be delivered unto the

blasphemous and barbarous nations.

10:5 Now upon the same day that the strangers profaned the temple,

on the very same day it was cleansed again, even the five and

twentieth day of the same month, which is Casleu.

10:6 And they kept the eight days with gladness, as in the feast of the

tabernacles, remembering that not long afore they had held the

feast of the tabernacles, when as they wandered in the mountains

and dens like beasts.

10:7 Therefore they bare branches, and fair boughs, and palms also,

and sang psalms unto him that had given them good success in

cleansing his place.

10:8 They ordained also by a common statute and decree, That every

year those days should be kept of the whole nation of the Jews.

10:9 And this was the end of Antiochus, called Epiphanes.

10:10 Now will we declare the acts of Antiochus Eupator, who was the

son of this wicked man, gathering briefly the calamities of the


10:11 So when he was come to the crown, he set one Lysias over the

affairs of his realm, and appointed him his chief governor of

Celosyria and Phenice.

10:12 For Ptolemeus, that was called Macron, choosing rather to do

justice unto the Jews for the wrong that had been done unto them,

endeavoured to continue peace with them.

10:13 Whereupon being accused of the king's friends before Eupator,

and called traitor at every word because he had left Cyprus, that

Philometor had committed unto him, and departed to Antiochus

Epiphanes, and seeing that he was in no honourable place, he was

so discouraged, that he poisoned himself and died.

10:14 But when Gorgias was governor of the holds, he hired soldiers,

and nourished war continually with the Jews:

10:15 And therewithall the Idumeans, having gotten into their hands the

most commodious holds, kept the Jews occupied, and receiving

those that were banished from Jerusalem, they went about to

nourish war.

10:16 Then they that were with Maccabeus made supplication, and

besought God that he would be their helper; and so they ran with

violence upon the strong holds of the Idumeans,

10:17 And assaulting them strongly, they won the holds, and kept off

all that fought upon the wall, and slew all that fell into their

hands, and killed no fewer than twenty thousand.

10:18 And because certain, who were no less than nine thousand, were

fled together into two very strong castles, having all manner of

things convenient to sustain the siege,

10:19 Maccabeus left Simon and Joseph, and Zaccheus also, and them

that were with him, who were enough to besiege them, and

departed himself unto those places which more needed his help.

10:20 Now they that were with Simon, being led with covetousness,

were persuaded for money through certain of those that were in

the castle, and took seventy thousand drachms, and let some of

them escape.

10:21 But when it was told Maccabeus what was done, he called the

governors of the people together, and accused those men, that

they had sold their brethren for money, and set their enemies free

to fight against them.

10:22 So he slew those that were found traitors, and immediately took

the two castles.

10:23 And having good success with his weapons in all things he took in

hand, he slew in the two holds more than twenty thousand.

10:24 Now Timotheus, whom the Jews had overcome before, when he

had gathered a great multitude of foreign forces, and horses out of

Asia not a few, came as though he would take Jewry by force of


10:25 But when he drew near, they that were with Maccabeus turned

themselves to pray unto God, and sprinkled earth upon their

heads, and girded their loins with sackcloth,

10:26 And fell down at the foot of the altar, and besought him to be

merciful to them, and to be an enemy to their enemies, and an

adversary to their adversaries, as the law declareth.

10:27 So after the prayer they took their weapons, and went on further

from the city: and when they drew near to their enemies, they

kept by themselves.

10:28 Now the sun being newly risen, they joined both together; the one

part having together with their virtue their refuge also unto the

Lord for a pledge of their success and victory: the other side

making their rage leader of their battle

10:29 But when the battle waxed strong, there appeared unto the

enemies from heaven five comely men upon horses, with bridles

of gold, and two of them led the Jews,

10:30 And took Maccabeus betwixt them, and covered him on every

side weapons, and kept him safe, but shot arrows and lightnings

against the enemies: so that being confounded with blindness, and

full of trouble, they were killed.

10:31 And there were slain of footmen twenty thousand and five

hundred, and six hundred horsemen.

10:32 As for Timotheus himself, he fled into a very strong hold, called

Gawra, where Chereas was governor.

10:33 But they that were with Maccabeus laid siege against the fortress

courageously four days.

10:34 And they that were within, trusting to the strength of the place,

blasphemed exceedingly, and uttered wicked words.

10:35 Nevertheless upon the fifth day early twenty young men of

Maccabeus' company, inflamed with anger because of the

blasphemies, assaulted the wall manly, and with a fierce courage

killed all that they met withal.

10:36 Others likewise ascending after them, whiles they were busied

with them that were within, burnt the towers, and kindling fires

burnt the blasphemers alive; and others broke open the gates, and,

having received in the rest of the army, took the city,

10:37 And killed Timotheus, that was hid in a certain pit, and Chereas

his brother, with Apollophanes.

10:38 When this was done, they praised the Lord with psalms and

thanksgiving, who had done so great things for Israel, and given

them the victory.


The Second Book of



11:1 Not long after the, Lysias the king's protector and cousin, who

also managed the affairs, took sore displeasure for the things that

were done.

11:2 And when he had gathered about fourscore thousand with all the

horsemen, he came against the Jews, thinking to make the city an

habitation of the Gentiles,

11:3 And to make a gain of the temple, as of the other chapels of the

heathen, and to set the high priesthood to sale every year:

11:4 Not at all considering the power of God but puffed up with his

ten thousands of footmen, and his thousands of horsemen, and his

fourscore elephants.

11:5 So he came to Judea, and drew near to Bethsura, which was a

strong town, but distant from Jerusalem about five furlongs, and

he laid sore siege unto it.

11:6 Now when they that were with Maccabeus heard that he besieged

the holds, they and all the people with lamentation and tears

besought the Lord that he would send a good angel to deliver


11:7 Then Maccabeus himself first of all took weapons, exhorting the

other that they would jeopard themselves together with him to

help their brethren: so they went forth together with a willing


11:8 And as they were at Jerusalem, there appeared before them on

horseback one in white clothing, shaking his armour of gold.

11:9 Then they praised the merciful God all together, and took heart,

insomuch that they were ready not only to fight with men, but

with most cruel beasts, and to pierce through walls of iron.

11:10 Thus they marched forward in their armour, having an helper

from heaven: for the Lord was merciful unto them

11:11 And giving a charge upon their enemies like lions, they slew

eleven thousand footmen, and sixteen hundred horsemen, and put

all the other to flight.

11:12 Many of them also being wounded escaped naked; and Lysias

himself fled away shamefully, and so escaped.

11:13 Who, as he was a man of understanding, casting with himself

what loss he had had, and considering that the Hebrews could not

be overcome, because the Almighty God helped them, he sent

unto them,

11:14 And persuaded them to agree to all reasonable conditions, and

promised that he would persuade the king that he must needs be a

friend unto them.

11:15 Then Maccabeus consented to all that Lysias desired, being

careful of the common good; and whatsoever Maccabeus wrote

unto Lysias concerning the Jews, the king granted it.

11:16 For there were letters written unto the Jews from Lysias to this

effect: Lysias unto the people of the Jews sendeth greeting:

11:17 John and Absolom, who were sent from you, delivered me the

petition subscribed, and made request for the performance of the

contents thereof.

11:18 Therefore what things soever were meet to be reported to the

king, I have declared them, and he hath granted as much as might


11:19 And if then ye will keep yourselves loyal to the state, hereafter

also will I endeavour to be a means of your good.

11:20 But of the particulars I have given order both to these and the

other that came from me, to commune with you.

11:21 Fare ye well. The hundred and eight and fortieth year, the four

and twentieth day of the month Dioscorinthius.

11:22 Now the king's letter contained these words: King Antiochus unto

his brother Lysias sendeth greeting:

11:23 Since our father is translated unto the gods, our will is, that they

that are in our realm live quietly, that every one may attend upon

his own affairs.

11:24 We understand also that the Jews would not consent to our

father, for to be brought unto the custom of the Gentiles, but had

rather keep their own manner of living: for the which cause they

require of us, that we should suffer them to live after their own


11:25 Wherefore our mind is, that this nation shall be in rest, and we

have determined to restore them their temple, that they may live

according to the customs of their forefathers.

11:26 Thou shalt do well therefore to send unto them, and grant them

peace, that when they are certified of our mind, they may be of

good comfort, and ever go cheerfully about their own affairs.

11:27 And the letter of the king unto the nation of the Jews was after

this manner: King Antiochus sendeth greeting unto the council,

and the rest of the Jews:

11:28 If ye fare well, we have our desire; we are also in good health.

11:29 Menelaus declared unto us, that your desire was to return home,

and to follow your own business:

11:30 Wherefore they that will depart shall have safe conduct till the

thirtieth day of Xanthicus with security.

11:31 And the Jews shall use their own kind of meats and laws, as

before; and none of them any manner of ways shall be molested

for things ignorantly done.

11:32 I have sent also Menelaus, that he may comfort you.

11:33 Fare ye well. In the hundred forty and eighth year, and the

fifteenth day of the month Xanthicus.

11:34 The Romans also sent unto them a letter containing these words:

Quintus Memmius and Titus Manlius, ambassadors of the

Romans, send greeting unto the people of the Jews.

11:35 Whatsoever Lysias the king's cousin hath granted, therewith we

also are well pleased.

11:36 But touching such things as he judged to be referred to the king,

after ye have advised thereof, send one forthwith, that we may

declare as it is convenient for you: for we are now going to


11:37 Therefore send some with speed, that we may know what is your


11:38 Farewell. This hundred and eight and fortieth year, the fifteenth

day of the month Xanthicus.


The Second Book of


12:1 When these covenants were made, Lysias went unto the king, and

the Jews were about their husbandry.

12:2 But of the governours of several places, Timotheus, and

Apollonius the son of Genneus, also Hieronymus, and

Demophon, and beside them Nicanor the governor of Cyprus,

would not suffer them to be quiet and live in peace.

12:3 The men of Joppa also did such an ungodly deed: they prayed the

Jews that dwelt among them to go with their wives and children

into the boats which they had prepared, as though they had

meant them no hurt.

12:4 Who accepted of it according to the common decree of the city, as

being desirous to live in peace, and suspecting nothing: but when

they were gone forth into the deep, they drowned no less than

two hundred of them.

12:5 When Judas heard of this cruelty done unto his countrymen, he

commanded those that were with him to make them ready.

12:6 And calling upon God the righteous Judge, he came against those

murderers of his brethren, and burnt the haven by night, and set

the boats on fire, and those that fled thither he slew.

12:7 And when the town was shut up, he went backward, as if he

would return to root out all them of the city of Joppa.

12:8 But when he heard that the Jamnites were minded to do in like

manner unto the Jews that dwelt among them,

12:9 He came upon the Jamnites also by night, and set fire on the

haven and the navy, so that the light of the fire was seen at

Jerusalem two hundred and forty furlongs off.

12:10 Now when they were gone from thence nine furlongs in their

journey toward Timotheus, no fewer than five thousand men on

foot and five hundred horsemen of the Arabians set upon him.

12:11 Whereupon there was a very sore battle; but Judas' side by the

help of God got the victory; so that the Nomades of Arabia, being

overcome, besought Judas for peace, promising both to give him

cattle, and to pleasure him otherwise.

12:12 Then Judas, thinking indeed that they would be profitable in

many things, granted them peace: whereupon they shook hands,

and so they departed to their tents.

12:13 He went also about to make a bridge to a certain strong city,

which was fenced about with walls, and inhabited by people of

divers countries; and the name of it was Caspis.

12:14 But they that were within it put such trust in the strength of the

walls and provision of victuals, that they behaved themselves

rudely toward them that were with Judas, railing and

blaspheming, and uttering such words as were not to be spoken.

12:15 Wherefore Judas with his company, calling upon the great Lord of

the world, who without rams or engines of war did cast down

Jericho in the time of Joshua, gave a fierce assault against the


12:16 And took the city by the will of God, and made unspeakable

slaughters, insomuch that a lake two furlongs broad near adjoining

thereunto, being filled full, was seen running with blood.

12:17 Then departed they from thence seven hundred and fifty furlongs,

and came to Characa unto the Jews that are called Tubieni.

12:18 But as for Timotheus, they found him not in the places: for

before he had dispatched any thing, he departed from thence,

having left a very strong garrison in a certain hold.

12:19 Howbeit Dositheus and Sosipater, who were of Maccabeus'

captains, went forth, and slew those that Timotheus had left in

the fortress, above ten thousand men.

12:20 And Maccabeus ranged his army by bands, and set them over the

bands, and went against Timotheus, who had about him an

hundred and twenty thousand men of foot, and two thousand and

five hundred horsemen.

12:21 Now when Timotheus had knowledge of Judas' coming, he sent

the women and children and the other baggage unto a fortress

called Carnion: for the town was hard to besiege, and uneasy to

come unto, by reason of the straitness of all the places.

12:22 But when Judas his first band came in sight, the enemies, being

smitten with fear and terror through the appearing of him who

seeth all things, fled amain, one running into this way, another

that way, so as that they were often hurt of their own men, and

wounded with the points of their own swords.

12:23 Judas also was very earnest in pursuing them, killing those

wicked wretches, of whom he slew about thirty thousand men.

12:24 Moreover Timotheus himself fell into the hands of Dositheus and

Sosipater, whom he besought with much craft to let him go with

his life, because he had many of the Jews' parents, and the

brethren of some of them, who, if they put him to death, should

not be regarded.

12:25 So when he had assured them with many words that he would

restore them without hurt, according to the agreement, they let

him go for the saving of their brethren.

12:26 Then Maccabeus marched forth to Carnion, and to the temple of

Atargatis, and there he slew five and twenty thousand persons.

12:27 And after he had put to flight and destroyed them, Judas removed

the host toward Ephron, a strong city, wherein Lysias abode, and

a great multitude of divers nations, and the strong young men

kept the walls, and defended them mightily: wherein also was

great provision of engines and darts.

12:28 But when Judas and his company had called upon Almighty God,

who with his power breaketh the strength of his enemies, they

won the city, and slew twenty and five thousand of them that

were within,

12:29 From thence they departed to Scythopolis, which lieth six

hundred furlongs from Jerusalem,

12:30 But when the Jews that dwelt there had testified that the

Scythopolitans dealt lovingly with them, and entreated them

kindly in the time of their adversity;

12:31 They gave them thanks, desiring them to be friendly still unto

them: and so they came to Jerusalem, the feast of the weeks


12:32 And after the feast, called Pentecost, they went forth against

Gorgias the governor of Idumea,

12:33 Who came out with three thousand men of foot and four hundred


12:34 And it happened that in their fighting together a few of the Jews

were slain.

12:35 At which time Dositheus, one of Bacenor's company, who was

on horseback, and a strong man, was still upon Gorgias, and

taking hold of his coat drew him by force; and when he would

have taken that cursed man alive, a horseman of Thracia coming

upon him smote off his shoulder, so that Gorgias fled unto


12:36 Now when they that were with Gorgias had fought long, and were

weary, Judas called upon the Lord, that he would shew himself to

be their helper and leader of the battle.

12:37 And with that he began in his own language, and sung psalms

with a loud voice, and rushing unawares upon Gorgias' men, he

put them to flight.

12:38 So Judas gathered his host, and came into the city of Odollam,

And when the seventh day came, they purified themselves, as the

custom was, and kept the sabbath in the same place.

12:39 And upon the day following, as the use had been, Judas and his

company came to take up the bodies of them that were slain, and

to bury them with their kinsmen in their fathers' graves.

12:40 Now under the coats of every one that was slain they found

things consecrated to the idols of the Jamnites, which is forbidden

the Jews by the law. Then every man saw that this was the cause

wherefore they were slain.

12:41 All men therefore praising the Lord, the righteous Judge, who had

opened the things that were hid,

12:42 Betook themselves unto prayer, and besought him that the sin

committed might wholly be put out of remembrance. Besides,

that noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves from sin,

forsomuch as they saw before their eyes the things that came to

pass for the sins of those that were slain.

12:43 And when he had made a gathering throughout the company to

the sum of two thousand drachms of silver, he sent it to

Jerusalem to offer a sin offering, doing therein very well and

honestly, in that he was mindful of the resurrection:

12:44 For if he had not hoped that they that were slain should have

risen again, it had been superfluous and vain to pray for the dead.

12:45 And also in that he perceived that there was great favour laid up

for those that died godly, it was an holy and good thought.

Whereupon he made a reconciliation for the dead, that they might

be delivered from sin.


The Second Book of


13:1 In the hundred forty and ninth year it was told Judas, that

Antiochus Eupator was coming with a great power into Judea,

13:2 And with him Lysias his protector, and ruler of his affairs, having

either of them a Grecian power of footmen, an hundred and ten

thousand, and horsemen five thousand and three hundred, and

elephants two and twenty, and three hundred chariots armed with


13:3 Menelaus also joined himself with them, and with great

dissimulation encouraged Antiochus, not for the safeguard of the

country, but because he thought to have been made governor.

13:4 But the King of kings moved Antiochus' mind against this wicked

wretch, and Lysias informed the king that this man was the cause

of all mischief, so that the king commanded to bring him unto

Berea, and to put him to death, as the manner is in that place.

13:5 Now there was in that place a tower of fifty cubits high, full of

ashes, and it had a round instrument which on every side hanged

down into the ashes.

13:6 And whosoever was condemned of sacrilege, or had committed

any other grievous crime, there did all men thrust him unto death.

13:7 Such a death it happened that wicked man to die, not having so

much as burial in the earth; and that most justly:

13:8 For inasmuch as he had committed many sins about the altar,

whose fire and ashes were holy, he received his death in ashes.

13:9 Now the king came with a barbarous and haughty mind to do far

worse to the Jews, than had been done in his father's time.

13:10 Which things when Judas perceived, he commanded the multitude

to call upon the Lord night and day, that if ever at any other time,

he would now also help them, being at the point to be put from

their law, from their country, and from the holy temple:

13:11 And that he would not suffer the people, that had even now been

but a little refreshed, to be in subjection to the blasphemous


13:12 So when they had all done this together, and besought the

merciful Lord with weeping and fasting, and lying flat upon the

ground three days long, Judas, having exhorted them, commanded

they should be in a readiness.

13:13 And Judas, being apart with the elders, determined, before the

king's host should enter into Judea, and get the city, to go forth

and try the matter in fight by the help of the Lord.

13:14 So when he had committed all to the Creator of the world, and

exhorted his soldiers to fight manfully, even unto death, for the

laws, the temple, the city, the country, and the commonwealth,

he camped by Modin:

13:15 And having given the watchword to them that were about him,

Victory is of God; with the most valiant and choice young men he

went in into the king's tent by night, and slew in the camp about

four thousand men, and the chiefest of the elephants, with all that

were upon him.

13:16 And at last they filled the camp with fear and tumult, and

departed with good success.

13:17 This was done in the break of the day, because the protection of

the Lord did help him.

13:18 Now when the king had taken a taste of the manliness of the

Jews, he went about to take the holds by policy,

13:19 And marched toward Bethsura, which was a strong hold of the

Jews: but he was put to flight, failed, and lost of his men:

13:20 For Judas had conveyed unto them that were in it such things as

were necessary.

13:21 But Rhodocus, who was in the Jews' host, disclosed the secrets

to the enemies; therefore he was sought out, and when they had

gotten him, they put him in prison.

13:22 The king treated with them in Bethsum the second time, gave his

hand, took their's, departed, fought with Judas, was overcome;

13:23 Heard that Philip, who was left over the affairs in Antioch, was

desperately bent, confounded, intreated the Jews, submitted

himself, and sware to all equal conditions, agreed with them, and

offered sacrifice, honoured the temple, and dealt kindly with the


13:24 And accepted well of Maccabeus, made him principal governor

from Ptolemais unto the Gerrhenians;

13:25 Came to Ptolemais: the people there were grieved for the

covenants; for they stormed, because they would make their

covenants void:

13:26 Lysias went up to the judgment seat, said as much as could be in

defence of the cause, persuaded, pacified, made them well

affected, returned to Antioch. Thus it went touching the king's

coming and departing.


The Second Book of


14:1 After three years was Judas informed, that Demetrius the son of

Seleucus, having entered by the haven of Tripolis with a great

power and navy,

14:2 Had taken the country, and killed Antiochus, and Lysias his


14:3 Now one Alcimus, who had been high priest, and had defiled

himself wilfully in the times of their mingling with the Gentiles,

seeing that by no means he could save himself, nor have any more

access to the holy altar,

14:4 Came to king Demetrius in the hundred and one and fiftieth year,

presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a palm, and also of the

boughs which were used solemnly in the temple: and so that day

he held his peace.

14:5 Howbeit having gotten opportunity to further his foolish

enterprize, and being called into counsel by Demetrius, and asked

how the Jews stood affected, and what they intended, he

answered thereunto:

14:6 Those of the Jews that he called Assideans, whose captain is

Judas Maccabeus, nourish war and are seditious, and will not let

the rest be in peace.

14:7 Therefore I, being deprived of mine ancestors' honour, I mean the

high priesthood, am now come hither:

14:8 First, verily for the unfeigned care I have of things pertaining to

the king; and secondly, even for that I intend the good of mine

own countrymen: for all our nation is in no small misery through

the unadvised dealing of them aforersaid.

14:9 Wherefore, O king, seeing knowest all these things, be careful for

the country, and our nation, which is pressed on every side,

according to the clemency that thou readily shewest unto all.

14:10 For as long as Judas liveth, it is not possible that the state should

be quiet.

14:11 This was no sooner spoken of him, but others of the king's

friends, being maliciously set against Judas, did more incense


14:12 And forthwith calling Nicanor, who had been master of the

elephants, and making him governor over Judea, he sent him forth,

14:13 Commanding him to slay Judas, and to scatter them that were

with him, and to make Alcimus high priest of the great temple.

14:14 Then the heathen, that had fled out of Judea from Judas, came to

Nicanor by flocks, thinking the harm and calamities ot the Jews to

be their welfare.

14:15 Now when the Jews heard of Nicanor's coming, and that the

heathen were up against them, they cast earth upon their heads,

and made supplication to him that had established his people for

ever, and who always helpeth his portion with manifestation of

his presence.

14:16 So at the commandment of the captain they removed

straightways from thence, and came near unto them at the town

of Dessau.

14:17 Now Simon, Judas' brother, had joined battle with Nicanor, but

was somewhat discomfited through the sudden silence of his


14:18 Nevertheless Nicanor, hearing of the manliness of them that were

with Judas, and the courageousness that they had to fight for their

country, durst not try the matter by the sword.

14:19 Wherefore he sent Posidonius, and Theodotus, and Mattathias, to

make peace.

14:20 So when they had taken long advisement thereupon, and the

captain had made the multitude acquainted therewith, and it

appeared that they were all of one mind, they consented to the


14:21 And appointed a day to meet in together by themselves: and

when the day came, and stools were set for either of them,

14:22 Ludas placed armed men ready in convenient places, lest some

treachery should be suddenly practised by the enemies: so they

made a peaceable conference.

14:23 Now Nicanor abode in Jerusalem, and did no hurt, but sent away

the people that came flocking unto him.

14:24 And he would not willingly have Judas out of his sight: for he

love the man from his heart

14:25 He prayed him also to take a wife, and to beget children: so he

married, was quiet, and took part of this life.

14:26 But Alcimus, perceiving the love that was betwixt them, and

considering the covenants that were made, came to Demetrius,

and told him that Nicanor was not well affected toward the state;

for that he had ordained Judas, a traitor to his realm, to be the

king's successor.

14:27 Then the king being in a rage, and provoked with the accusations

of the most wicked man, wrote to Nicanor, signifying that he was

much displeased with the covenants, and commanding him that he

should send Maccabeus prisoner in all haste unto Antioch.

14:28 When this came to Nicanor's hearing, he was much confounded in

himself, and took it grievously that he should make void the

articles which were agreed upon, the man being in no fault.

14:29 But because there was no dealing against the king, he watched his

time to accomplish this thing by policy.

14:30 Notwithstanding, when Maccabeus saw that Nicanor began to be

churlish unto him, and that he entreated him more roughly than he

was wont, perceiving that such sour behaviour came not of good,

he gathered together not a few of his men, and withdrew himself

from Nicanor.

14:31 But the other, knowing that he was notably prevented by Judas'

policy, came into the great and holy temple, and commanded the

priests, that were offering their usual sacrifices, to deliver him the


14:32 And when they sware that they could not tell where the man was

whom he sought,

14:33 He stretched out his right hand toward the temple, and made an

oath in this manner: If ye will not deliver me Judas as a prisoner, I

will lay this temple of God even with the ground, and I will break

down the altar, and erect a notable temple unto Bacchus.

14:34 After these words he departed. Then the priests lifted up their

hands toward heaven, and besought him that was ever a defender

of their nation, saying in this manner;

14:35 Thou, O Lord of all things, who hast need of nothing, wast

pleased that the temple of thine habitation should be among us:

14:36 Therefore now, O holy Lord of all holiness, keep this house ever

undefiled, which lately was cleansed, and stop every unrighteous


14:37 Now was there accused unto Nicanor one Razis, one of the elders

of Jerusalem, a lover of his countrymen, and a man of very good

report, who for his kindness was called a father of the Jews.

14:38 For in the former times, when they mingled not themselves with

the Gentiles, he had been accused of Judaism, and did boldly

jeopard his body and life with all vehemency for the religion of

the Jews.

14:39 So Nicanor, willing to declare the hate that he bare unto the Jews,

sent above five hundred men of war to take him:

14:40 For he thought by taking him to do the Jews much hurt.

14:41 Now when the multitude would have taken the tower, and

violently broken into the outer door, and bade that fire should be

brought to burn it, he being ready to be taken on every side fell

upon his sword;

14:42 Choosing rather to die manfully, than to come into the hands of

the wicked, to be abused otherwise than beseemed his noble birth:

14:43 But missing his stroke through haste, the multitude also rushing

within the doors, he ran boldly up to the wall, and cast himself

down manfully among the thickest of them.

14:44 But they quickly giving back, and a space being made, he fell

down into the midst of the void place.

14:45 Nevertheless, while there was yet breath within him, being

inflamed with anger, he rose up; and though his blood gushed out

like spouts of water, and his wounds were grievous, yet he ran

through the midst of the throng; and standing upon a steep rock,

14:46 When as his blood was now quite gone, he plucked out his

bowels, and taking them in both his hands, he cast them upon the

throng, and calling upon the Lord of life and spirit to restore him

those again, he thus died.


The Second Book of


15:1 But Nicanor, hearing that Judas and his company were in the

strong places about Samaria, resolved without any danger to set

upon them on the sabbath day.

15:2 Nevertheless the Jews that were compelled to go with him said, O

destroy not so cruelly and barbarously, but give honour to that

day, which he, that seeth all things, hath honoured with holiness

above all other days.

15:3 Then the most ungracious wretch demanded, if there were a

Mighty one in heaven, that had commanded the sabbath day to be


15:4 And when they said, There is in heaven a living Lord, and mighty,

who commanded the seventh day to be kept:

15:5 Then said the other, And I also am mighty upon earth, and I

command to take arms, and to do the king's business. Yet he

obtained not to have his wicked will done.

15:6 So Nicanor in exceeding pride and haughtiness determined to set

up a publick monument of his victory over Judas and them that

were with him.

15:7 But Maccabeus had ever sure confidence that the Lord would

help him:

15:8 Wherefore he exhorted his people not to fear the coming of the

heathen against them, but to remember the help which in former

times they had received from heaven, and now to expect the

victory and aid, which should come unto them from the


15:9 And so comforting them out of the law and the prophets, and

withal putting them in mind of the battles that they won afore, he

made them more cheerful.

15:10 And when he had stirred up their minds, he gave them their

charge, shewing them therewithall the falsehood of the heathen,

and the breach of oaths.

15:11 Thus he armed every one of them, not so much with defence of

shields and spears, as with comfortable and good words: and

beside that, he told them a dream worthy to be believed, as if it

had been so indeed, which did not a little rejoice them.

15:12 And this was his vision: That Onias, who had been high priest, a

virtuous and a good man, reverend in conversation, gentle in

condition, well spoken also, and exercised from a child in all

points of virtue, holding up his hands prayed for the whole body

of the Jews.

15:13 This done, in like manner there appeared a man with gray hairs,

and exceeding glorious, who was of a wonderful and excellent


15:14 Then Onias answered, saying, This is a lover of the brethren, who

prayeth much for the people, and for the holy city, to wit,

Jeremias the prophet of God.

15:15 Whereupon Jeremias holding forth his right hand gave to Judas a

sword of gold, and in giving it spake thus,

15:16 Take this holy sword, a gift from God, with the which thou shalt

wound the adversaries.

15:17 Thus being well comforted by the words of Judas, which were

very good, and able to stir them up to valour, and to encourage

the hearts of the young men, they determined not to pitch camp,

but courageously to set upon them, and manfully to try the

matter by conflict, because the city and the sanctuary and the

temple were in danger.

15:18 For the care that they took for their wives, and their children,

their brethren, and folks, was in least account with them: but the

greatest and principal fear was for the holy temple.

15:19 Also they that were in the city took not the least care, being

troubled for the conflict abroad.

15:20 And now, when as all looked what should be the trial, and the

enemies were already come near, and the army was set in array,

and the beasts conveniently placed, and the horsemen set in


15:21 Maccabeus seeing the coming of the multitude, and the divers

preparations of armour, and the fierceness of the beasts, stretched

out his hands toward heaven, and called upon the Lord that

worketh wonders, knowing that victory cometh not by arms, but

even as it seemeth good to him, he giveth it to such as are worthy:

15:22 Therefore in his prayer he said after this manner; O Lord, thou

didst send thine angel in the time of Ezekias king of Judea, and

didst slay in the host of Sennacherib an hundred fourscore and

five thousand:

15:23 Wherefore now also, O Lord of heaven, send a good angel before

us for a fear and dread unto them;

15:24 And through the might of thine arm let those be stricken with

terror, that come against thy holy people to blaspheme. And he

ended thus.

15:25 Then Nicanor and they that were with him came forward with

trumpets and songs.

15:26 But Judas and his company encountered the enemies with

invocation and prayer.

15:27 So that fighting with their hands, and praying unto God with their

hearts, they slew no less than thirty and five thousand men: for

through the appearance of God they were greatly cheered.

15:28 Now when the battle was done, returning again with joy, they

knew that Nicanor lay dead in his harness.

15:29 Then they made a great shout and a noise, praising the Almighty

in their own language.

15:30 And Judas, who was ever the chief defender of the citizens both

in body and mind, and who continued his love toward his

countrymen all his life, commanded to strike off Nicanor's head,

and his hand with his shoulder, and bring them to Jerusalem.

15:31 So when he was there, and called them of his nation together, and

set the priests before the altar, he sent for them that were of the


15:32 And shewed them vile Nicanor's head, and the hand of that

blasphemer, which with proud brags he had stretched out against

the holy temple of the Almighty.

15:33 And when he had cut out the tongue of that ungodly Nicanor, he

commanded that they should give it by pieces unto the fowls, and

hang up the reward of his madness before the temple.

15:34 So every man praised toward the heaven the glorious Lord,

saying, Blessed be he that hath kept his own place undefiled.

15:35 He hanged also Nicanor's head upon the tower, an evident and

manifest sign unto all of the help of the Lord.

15:36 And they ordained all with a common decree in no case to let that

day pass without solemnity, but to celebrate the thirtieth day of

the twelfth month, which in the Syrian tongue is called Adar, the

day before Mardocheus' day.


15:37 Thus went it with Nicanor: and from that time forth the Hebrews

had the city in their power. And here will I make an end.

15:38 And if I have done well, and as is fitting the story, it is that which

I desired: but if slenderly and meanly, it is that which I could

attain unto.

15:39 For as it is hurtful to drink wine or water alone; and as wine

mingled with water is pleasant, and delighteth the taste: even so

speech finely framed delighteth the ears of them that read the

story. And here shall be an end.

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