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IN the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision
appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.
2 And I saw in a vision; and it came
to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of
Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and
saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two
horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and
northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any
that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
5 And as I was considering, behold,
an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground:
and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.
6 And he came to the ram that had two
horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his
7 And I saw him come close unto the
ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns:
and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground,
and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
8 Therefore the he goat waxed very
great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable
ones toward the four winds of heaven.
9 And out of one of them came forth a
little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and
toward the pleasant land.
10 And it waxed great, even to the
host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and
stamped upon them.
11 Yea, he magnified himself even to
the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of
his sanctuary was cast down.
12 And an host was given him against
the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground;
and it practised, and prospered.
13 Then I heard one saint speaking,
and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision
concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the
sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
14 And he said unto me, Unto two
thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
15 And it came to pass, when I, even
I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood
before me as the appearance of a man.
16 And I heard a man's voice between
the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the
17 So he came near where I stood: and
when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son
of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.
18 Now as he was speaking with me, I
was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.
19 And he said, Behold, I will make
thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the
end shall be.
20 The ram which thou sawest having
two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.
21 And the rough goat is the king of
Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
22 Now that being broken, whereas
four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his
23 And in the latter time of their
kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and
understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
24 And his power shall be mighty, but
not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise,
and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
25 And through his policy also he
shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and
by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he
shall be broken without hand.
26 And the vision of the evening and
the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for
27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick
certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at
the vision, but none understood it.
Standing by the river a vision comes
to Daniel regarding a ram with two horns and one was taller than the other. Later in the
chapter he tells us that the ram is the Medo-Persion Empire and the two horns are the two
powers and that the highest horn is the Persians. He sees the ram pushing West, North and
South and none could stop him. He had conquered all regions from the Caspian Sea to Egypt.
Then he sees a goat with one horn. Later in this chapter he identifies the goat as the
king of Greece (Alexander the Great). Daniel sees the goat run into the ram with all his
fury. When Alexanders army met Darius on the field of battle at Arbela, Granicus and
Issus, he had thirty-five thousand soldiers. Darius had five hundred thousand. In the
first battle Alexander lost five hundred and Darius lost one hundred thousand. As the
prophet says, "he ran into him with all his fury." The goat became great (ruled
the world) and his horn was broken (Alexander died). four horns sprang up in it place (his
four generals ruled the world).
After him a little horn sprang up
from the Seleucids that ruled Syria. His name was Antiochus Epiphanies . He attacked
the Holy Land, desecrated the temple, and took away the daily sacrifice for twenty three
hundred days. The exposition will describe this foul character in detail.
1 In the third year of the
reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which
appeared unto me at the first.
In the year 548 BC, which was the
third year of the reign of Belshazzar, a vision came to Daniel. He was probably twenty-one
when he was exiled and about eighty-six at this time. A vision may occur when awake or in
a trance; however, the former one occurred when he was asleep Dan. 7:1. The representation
would seem to have been make to pass before his mind in open day and when he was fully
2 And I saw in a vision; and
it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province
of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
Daniel was living in the Palace in
the city of Shushan (Susa) in Persia. When he saw the vision, he was standing beside the
Ulai River. At this time the Babylonian empire was still in existence and will continue
nine more years. This was probably a summer palace. Daniel was a high ranking government
official and therefore could be at any one of the palaces. This city is now a gloomy
wilderness inhabited by lions, hyenas, and other beasts of prey.
3 Then I lifted up mine eyes,
and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two
horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
In this vision he sees a Ram with two
horns and one was higher than the other. In verse 20, Daniel says that the ram with the
two horns are the two kings of Persia. So, this symbol represents the Medo-Persian empire.
This empire consisted of 127 provinces extending from India to Ethiopiaž the boundaries
of the then-known world. Two horns represent the two powers, the Medes and the Persians.
The higher one represents Persia as the Persian power rose higher than the Medes. Verse
20, specifically tells us that the two horns are the two kings of Media and Persia.
4 I saw the ram pushing
westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither
was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and
In the previous verse we learned that
the Ram was the Empire of Medo-Persia. This ram was extending its possessions in three
directions. East is not mentioned because none of her conquests were in that direction.
She pushed West and conquered Babylonia, Mesopotania, Syria, and Asia Minor. She pushed
North and conquered Colchis, Armenia, Iberia, and the regions around the Caspian Sea. She
pushed South and conquered the regions of Palestine, Ethiopia, Egypt, Libya. She became
great and had subdued to herself a large portion of the world, extending from India to
5 And as I was considering
behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the
ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.
In the vision Daniel sees a male goat
with one horn. The goat represented the Greek or Macedonian empire. The goat touched not
the ground surely represents the swiftness of the movement of Alexanders army.
The rough goat is the king of Grecia;
and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. Daniel 8:21
The Greeks were known as the goat
people from antiquity. It is remarkable that Alexanders son by Roxana was named
Alexander Aegus, or the son of the goat. Some of Alexanders successors are
represented in their coins with goats horns. Bronze figures of goats have been found
as symbols of Macedon.
When Alexander came to Jerusalem a
group of priests met with him and showed him the prophecies of Daniel. He perceived that
they referred to him and so he bestowed great favors upon the Jews. Heres what
Josephus wrote about this!
And when he understood that he was
not far from the city, he went out in procession, with the priests and the multitude of
the citizens. The procession was venerable, and the manner of it different from that of
other nations. It reached to a place called Sapha, which name, translated into Greek,
signifies a prospect, for you have thence a prospect both of Jerusalem and of the temple.
And when the Phoenicians and the Chaldeans that followed him thought they should have
liberty to plunder the city, and torment the high priest to death, which the kings
displeasure fairly Promised them, the very reverse of it happened; for Alexander, when he
saw the multitude at a distance, in white garments, while the priests stood clothed with
fine linen, and the high priest in purple and scarlet clothing, with his mitre on his
head, having the golden plate whereon the name of God was engraved, he approached by
himself, and adored that name, and first saluted the high priest. The Jews also did all
together, with one voice, salute Alexander, and encompass him about; whereupon the kings
of Syria and the rest were surprised at what Alexander had done, and supposed him
disordered in his mind. However, Parmenio alone went up to him, and asked him how it came
to pass that, when all others adored him, he should adore the high priest of the Jews? To
whom he replied, "I did not adore him, but that God who hath honored him with his
high priesthood; for I saw this very person in a dream, in this very habit, when I was at
Dios in Macedonia, who, when I was considering with myself how I might obtain the dominion
of Asia, exhorted me to make no delay, but boldly to pass over the sea thither, for that
he would conduct my army, and would give me the dominion over the Persians; whence it is
that, having seen no other in that habit, and now seeing this person in it, and
remembering that vision, and the exhortation which I had in my dream, I believe that I
bring this army under the Divine conduct, and shall therewith conquer Darius, and destroy
the power of the Persians, and that all things will succeed according to what is in my own
mind." And when he had said this to Parmenio, and had given the high priest his right
hand, the priests ran along by him, and he came into the city. And when he went up into
the temple, he offered sacrifice to God, according to the high priests direction,
and magnificently treated both the high priest and the priests. And when the Book of
Daniel was showed him wherein Daniel declared that one of the
Greeks should destroy the empire of the Persians, he supposed that himself was the person
intended. And as he was then glad, he dismissed the multitude for the present; but the
next day he called them to him, and bid them ask what favors they pleased of him;
whereupon the high priest desired that they might enjoy the laws of their forefathers, and
might pay no tribute on the seventh year. He granted all they desired. And when they
entreated him that he would permit the Jews in Babylon and Media to enjoy their own laws
also, he willingly promised to do hereafter what they desired. And when he said to the
multitude, that if any of them would enlist themselves in his army, on this condition,
that they should continue under the laws of their forefathers, and live according to them,
he was willing to take them with him, many were ready to accompany him in his wars. Josephus
Book 11 ch. 08 art. 5
6 And he came to the ram that
had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of
Alexander the Great, king of
Macedonia, conquer of the Persian Empire, was probably the greatest military geniuses of
all times. He conquered the world in 12 years. And he gathered a mighty strong host and
ruled over countries, and nations, and kings, who became tributaries unto him. On his way
to conquer Tyre he passed through Jerusalem and the High Priest showed Alexander the
prophecies of the prophet Daniel. When he read the sacred writings he was convinced that
he was the person mentioned as the "Goat with one Horn." Armed with this
information Alexander was ready to take on the Persian Empire. The greatest and most
impressive battle of all was when Alex met the King of Persia by the name of Darius. While
Darius awaited for reinforcements from Babylon, Alexander thrusted south across the rocky,
volcanic uplands of Cappadocia under a burning August sun. Between them and the coastal
plain stretched the great barrier of the Taurus Mountains. The only pass was a deep,
twisting canyon. Alexander, understandably, anticipated trouble at the Gates, but there
was no one guarding the pass thru the Taurus Mountains. Alexander said afterwards that he
never had a more amazing piece of luck in his entire career. Thus, Alexander the Great
defeated the Persian Empire, which ruled from India to Ethiopia, this included over 127
provinces. From this time forward no one could defeat Alexander.
7 And I saw him come close
unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his
two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to
the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his
This represents the fierceness and
fury with which Alexander the Great attacked the Persians at the Granicus, Ittus, and
Arbella, with which he overthrew and invaded their country. Alexander acted as if he were
furiously enraged. On the eve of the battle, Darius sent ten chief relatives to plead or
negotiate a peace agreement. After presenting their conditions to Alexander, he said,
"Heaven cannot support two sons, nor the earth two masters." So, the goat with
one horn stomped the ram with two horns. Any world history book will give you the full
story of Alexander the Great conquering the world.
8 Therefore the he goat waxed
very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four
notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
The Prophet said that when he was
strong that the great horn (Alexander) would be broken and that four notable ones would
rise up from the four winds. At the age of 33 He drank the Herculean cup and laid in a
drunken coma for 10 days before he expired. The kingdom did not go to his sons but was
divided among his four generals. They divided the empire into North, South , East and West
(the four winds).
The following quote is from the First
Book of Machabees. It informs us of Alexanders parentage and homeland, that he was a
noted warrior that he lived to the age of 33, and when he died he parted his kingdom among
his honorable men.
And it happened, after that Alexander
son of Philip, the Macedonian, who came out of the land of Chettiim, had smitten Darius
king of the Persians and Medes, that he reigned in his stead, the first over Greece, And made many wars, and won many strong holds, and slew the kings
of the earth, And went through to the ends of the earth, and
took spoils of many nations, insomuch that the earth was quiet before him; whereupon he
was exalted and his heart was lifted up. And he gathered a mighty strong host and ruled
over countries, and nations, and kings, who became tributaries unto him. And after these
things he fell sick, and perceived that he should die. Wherefore he called his servants,
such as were honourable, and had been brought up with him from his youth, and parted his
kingdom among them, while he was yet alive. So Alexander
reigned twelve years, and then died. 1 Machabees 1:1-7
9 And out of one of them came
forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east,
and toward the pleasant land.
Watch carefully, because Daniel says
that out of one of them came forth a little horn. So, the little horn must come from one
of the FOUR NOTABLE ONES of the previous verse. We therefore identify him as Antiochus
Epiphanes. He was the younger son of Antiochus the Great, who usurped the kingdom, to the
prejudice of his nephew Demetrius, son, of his elder brother Seleucus Philopator. I will
try and lay the facts of history before you.
Alexanders kingdom was now
divided among his four generals. Seleucus ruled Syria and the East. Lysimachus ruled
Blythnia and Thrace. Ptolemy Soter ruled Egypt, and Cassander ruled Macedonia. Barnes
General History, Ancient, Mediaeval p. 153 (1883)
A mortal struggle of twenty-two years
followed, during which these officers, fought, quarreled, grasped, and wrangled like
loosened tigers in an amphitheater. The greed and jealousy of the generals, or kings as
they were called, were equaled only by the treachery of their men. Finally, by the
decisive battle of Ipsus (30l B.C.), the conflict was ended, and the following
distribution of the territory made:
Ptolemy received Egypt, and conquered
all of Palestine, Phoenicia, and Cyprus.
Lysimachus received Thrace and nearly
all of Asia Minor
Seleucus received Syria and the East,
and he afterward conquered Asia Minor (Lysimachus being slain.)
Cassander received Macedon and
The succession of princes who reigned
in Antioch, from Seleucus to Antiochus Epiphanes, were as follows: By presenting the
succession of kings you will readily see that Antiochus Epiphanies was out of one of the
1 Seleucus Nicator, B.C. 312-280.
2 Antiochus Sotor, his son, 280-261
3 Antiochus Theos, his son, 261-247
4 Seleucus Callinicus, his son,
5 (Alexander), or Seleucus Ceraunus,
his son, 226-223.
6 Antiochus the Great, his brother,
7 Antiochus Epiphanes, his brother,
It was not long until two of the four
divisions absorbed the other two. These two remain: Syria and Egypt. From this point on,
Daniel referred to these as the Kingdom of the North (Syria) and Kingdom of the South
(Egypt). There was constant hostility toward each other. This verse has to do with the
Kingdom of Syria, and one of its kings, who was one of the most vile and wicked men in
history. He pushed South toward Egypt, East toward Persia, and toward the pleasant land,
10 And it waxed great, even
to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground,
and stamped upon them
The following quote from Josephus
shows how Antiochus Epiphanes fulfills the prophecy of Daniel 8:9-27. It will further
expose all the futuristic interpretations that are prevalent today.
At the same time that Antiochus, who
was called Epiphanes, had a quarrel with the sixth Ptolemy about his right to the whole
country of Syria, a great sedition fell among the men of power in Judea, and they had a
contention about obtaining the government; while each of those that were of dignity could
not endure to be subject to their equals. However, Onias, one of the high priests, got the
better, and cast the sons of Tobias out of the city; who fled toAntiochus,
and besought him to make use of them for his leaders, and to make an expedition into
Judea. The king being thereto disposed beforehand, complied with them, and came upon
the Jews with a great army, and took their city by force, and slew a great multitude of
those that favored Ptolemy, and sent out his soldiers to plunder them without mercy. He
also spoiled thetemple, and put a stop to the constant practice of offering a dailysacrifice of expiation for three years and six months. But Onias, the high priest,
fled to Ptolemy, and received a place from him in the Nomus of Heriopolis, where he built
a city resembling Jerusalem, and a temple that was like its temple concerning which we
shall speak more in its proper place hereafter. Now Antiochus
was not satisfied either with his unexpected taking the City, or with its pillage, or with
the great slaughter he had made there; but being overcome with his violent passions, and
remembering what he had suffered during the siege, he compelledthe Jews to
dissolve the laws of their country, and to keep their infants uncircumcised, and to
sacrifice swines flesh upon the altar; against which they all opposed
themselves, and the most approved among them were put to death. Bacchides also, who was
sent to keep the fortresses, having these wicked commands, joined to his own natural
barbarity, indulged all sorts of the extremist wickedness, and tormented the worthiest of
the inhabitants, man by man, and threatened their city every day with open destruction,
till at length he provoked the poor sufferers by the extremity of his wicked doings to
avenge themselves. Josephus The Wars of The Jews. Book 1 Art.1,2.
11 Yea, he magnified himself
even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the
place of his sanctuary was cast down.
I will be quoting extensively from
the books of First and Second Machabees, which contains the history of this period. No one
can understand this section of the book of Daniel who has not read the Machabees. A little
information will be given at this time concerning these books. These books contain the
history of the people of God under the command of Judas Machabeus and his brethren. These
books were not received by the Jews as canonical, but were received as history. However,
during the middle ages, the Catholic Church at the council of Florence (1439) and council
of Trent (1545-1563) deemed them canonical and added them to the Old Testament. They are
not found today in any of our Protestant Bibles. The author of this commentary regards
them as accurate history and there can be no doubt of their authenticity.
And after that Antiochus had smitten
Egypt, he returned again in the hundred forty and third year, and went up against
Israel andJerusalem with a great multitude, And
entered proudly into the sanctuary, and took away the golden altar, and the
candlestick of light, and all the vessels thereof, And the table of the shewbread, and the
pouring vessels, and the vials. and the censers of gold, and the veil, and the crown, and
the golden ornaments that were before the temple, all which he pulled off. He took also the silver and the gold, and the precious vessels:
also he took the hidden treasures which he found. And when he had taken all away, he went
into his own land, having made a great massacre, and spoken very proudly. Therefore
there was a great mourning in Israel, in every place where they were; So that the princes
and elders mourned, the virgins and young men were made feeble, and the beauty of women
I Machabees 1:20-26
12 And an host was given him
against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the
ground; and it practiced, and prospered.
The following composite of historical
facts and forensic evidence should convince any Bible believer that Antiochus Epiphanes
fulfills these scriptures.
And pollute the sanctuary and holy
people: and should forbid holocausts and sacrifices and atonements to be made in the
temple of God. That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and make their
souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and profanation: To the end they might
forget the law, and change all the ordinances. And whosoever would not do according to the
commandment of the king, he said, he should die. In the selfsame manner wrote he to his
whole kingdom, and appointed overseers over all the people, commanding the cities of Juda
to sacrifice, city by city. And when they had rent in pieces the books of the law which
they found, they burnt them with fire. 1
13 Then I heard one saint
speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be
the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give
both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
This conversation was regarding the
time limit that God would permit the TRANSGRESSION OF ABOMINATION to last. The collation
of historical facts presented in this commentary is overwhelming A copy of the books of
first and second Machabees is included as a appendix of this book.
And whosoever was found with any
the book of the testament, or if any committed to the law, the king's commandment was,
that they should put him to death. Thus did they by their authority unto the Israelites
every month, to as many as were found in the cities. Now the
five and twentieth day of the month they did sacrifice upon the idol altar, which was
upon the altar of God.
Machabees 1: 57-59
Now the fifteenth day of the month
Casleu, in the hundred forty and fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation
uponthe altar, and builded idol altars throughout the cities of Juda. 1
For it was a place to lie in wait
against the sanctuary, and an evil adversary to Israel. Thus they shed innocent blood
on every side of the sanctuary,and defiled it: Insomuch that the
inhabitants of Jerusalem fled because of them: whereupon the city was made an habitation
of strangers, and became strange to those that were born in her; and her own children left
her. Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wilderness, her feasts were turned into
mourning, her sabbaths into reproach her honour into contempt. As
had been her glory, so was her dishonour increased, and her excellency was turned into
mourning. 1 Machabees 1:36-40
Also that they had pulled down the
abomination, which he had set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had
compassed about the sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city Bethsura. 1
14 And he said unto me, Unto
two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
This calculation would equal six
years and one hundred and ten days. From the time that Antiochus Epiphanes entered
Jerusalem and took away the daily sacrifice till the cleansing of the temple was 2300
days. 171 B.C. to 165 B.C. Wow! Gods Word and historys connection proves the
prophecy true in every detail.
Maccabeus and his company, the Lord
guiding them, recovered the temple and the city: But the altars which the heathen had
built in the open street, and also the chapels, they pulled down. And having cleansed
the temple they made another altar, and striking stones they took fire out of them,
and offered a sacrifice after two years, and set forth incense, and lights, and shewbread.
When that was done, they fell flat down, and besought the Lord that they might come no
more into such troubles; but if they sinned any more against him, that he himself would
chasten them with mercy, and that they might not be delivered unto the blasphemous and
barbarous nations. Now upon the same day that the strangers profaned the temple, on
the very same day it was cleansed again, even the five and twentieth day of the same
month, which is Casleu. And they kept the eight days with gladness, as in the feast of the
tabernacles, remembering that not long afore they had held the feast of the tabernacles,
when as they wandered in the mountains and dens like beasts. Therefore they bare branches,
and fair boughs, and palms also, and sang psalms unto him that had given them good success
in cleansing his place. They ordained also by a common statute and decree, That
every year those days should be kept of the whole nation of the Jews.
And this was the end of Antiochus, called Epiphanes. 2 Machabees
They established a feast of
Dedication, and each year celebrated it. We are told in John 10:22 that Jesus was in
Jerusalem at the feast of Dedication and walked in the Temple in Solomons porch.
15 And it came to pass, when
I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there
stood before me as the appearance of a man.
Under divine orders, someone appears
before Daniel in the form of a human being. I will reserve comments on this person until
chapter ten, verses five and six.
16 And I heard a man's voice
between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand
He looked like a man, he talked like
a man but he had a divine mission, which was to instruct Gabriel to reveal the meaning of
the vision to Daniel.
17 So he came near where I
stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me,
Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.
It is evident and collaborated with
scripture truth that the time of the end is not the end of the world, but the latter end
of the verse declares that the time of the end shall be the vision. In other words 150
years later Antiochus Epiphanies who is the main subject of the vision will be brought
down to the grave and the temple rededicated and temple worship restored.
18 Now as he was speaking
with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me
Daniel was lying face down,
unconscious, as though he was in a trance or a dead faint. Now the angel Gabriel touches
him and set him in an upright position.
19 And he said, Behold, I
will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time
appointed the end shall be.
Wow! Gabriel is going to reveal the
remaining events of the scene. The rest of the chapter will reveal the secret. There is to
be an end to the Medo-Persian, Grecian Empire and of the little horn. The vision ended
with the downfall of the little horn (Antiochus Epiphanes). This is "THE END"
that verse 17 and 19 are referring too. It is the end of the INDIGNATION created by
Antiochus Epiphanes. Some, thinking there is only one "End" in Gods word,
misinterpret this end, supposing it to be the end of the world. This interpretation simply
does not fit and lacks substance, particularly when trying to connect the details
20 The ram which thou sawest
having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.
Nothing could be plainer. Cyrus and
Darius were the Kings of Media and Persia.
21 And the rough goat is the
king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
No wonder Alexander the Great liked
the book of Daniel. He could plainly see himself in the prophecy. Daniel, thru the
telescope of prophecy, saw the rise of Alexander the Great about 200 years before it
22 Now that being broken,
whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in
The single horn is broken and from
its roots comes four horns. Alexander the Great was broken and his four generals divided
the empire. Seleucus ruled Syria and the East. Lysimachus ruled Blthynia and Thrace,
Ptolemy Soter ruled Egypt, and Cassander ruled Macedonia.
23 And in the latter time of
their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance,
and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
Please note that "in the latter
time of their kingdom" a king of fierce countenance should stand up. This give us
more proof that it was Antiochus Epiphanes. The following will provide verification of the
people, date, and events to establish evidence that it could be none other than Antiochus
And there came out of them a wicked
root Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage at
Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the
Greeks. In those days went there out of Israel wicked men, who persuaded many, saying, Let
us go and make a covenant with the heathen that are round about us: for since we departed
from them we have had much sorrow. So this device pleased them well. Then certain of the
people were so forward herein, that they went to the king, who gave them licence to do
after the ordinances of the heathen: Whereupon they built a place of exercise at
Jerusalem according to the customs of the heathen: And made themselves uncircumcised,
and forsook the holy covenant, and joined themselves to the heathen, and were sold to do
mischief. Now when the kingdom was established before Antiochus, he thought to reign
over Egypt that he might have the dominion of two realms. Wherefore he entered into
Egypt with a great multitude, with chariots, and elephants, and horsemen, and a great
navy, And made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt: but Ptolemee was afraid of him, and
fled; and many were wounded to death. Thus they got the strong cities in the land of Egypt
and he took the spoils thereof. Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that
all should be one people, And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen agreed
according to the commandment of the king. Yea, many also of the Israelites consented to
his religion, and sacrificed unto idols, and profaned the sabbath. For the king had sent
letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Juda that they should follow the
strange laws of the land, And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink offerings,
in the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival days: And pollute
the sanctuary and holy people: Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and
sacrifice swine's flesh, and unclean beasts: 1 Machabees 1:10-47
Then many of the people were gathered
unto them, to wit every one that forsook the law; and so they committed evils
in the land; 1 Machabees 1:52
And they called upon the Lord, that
he would look upon the people that was trodden down of all; and also pity the temple profaned
of ungodly men;
24 And his power shall be
mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and
practice, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
At which time according to the
commandment they (Antiochus Epiphanes et.al) put todeath certain women,
that had caused their children to be circumcised. And they
hanged the infants about their necks, and rifled their houses, and slew them that had
circumcised them. Howbeit many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in
themselves not to eat any unclean thing. Wherefore the rather to die, that they might not
be defiled with meats, and that they might not profane the holy covenant: so then they
died. And there was very great wrath upon Israel.
I Machabees 1:60-64
It came to pass also, that seven
brethren with their mother were taken, and compelled by the king against the law to taste
swine's flesh, and were tormented with scourges and whips. But one of them that
spake first said thus, What wouldest thou ask or learn of us? we are ready to die, rather
than to transgress the laws of our fathers. Then the king, being in a rage, commanded
pans and caldrons to be made hot: Which forthwith being heated, he commanded to cut
out the tongue of him that spake first, and to cut off the utmost parts of his body, the
rest of his brethren and his mother looking on. Now when he was thus maimed in all his
members, he commanded him being yet alive to be brought to the fire, and to be fried
in the pan: and as the vapour of the pan was for a good space dispersed, they exhorted one
another with the mother to die manfully, saying thus, The Lord God looketh upon us, and in
truth hath comfort in us, as Moses in his song, which witnessed to their faces, declared,
saying, And he shall be comforted in his servants. So when the first was dead after this
number, they brought the second to make him a mocking stock: and when they had pulledoff the skin of his head with the hair, they asked him, Wilt thou eat, before thou
be punished throughout every member of thy body? But he answered in his own language, and
said, No. Wherefore he also received the next torment in order, as the former did. And
when he was at the last gasp, he said, Thou like a fury takest us out of this present
life, but the King of the world shall raise us up, who have died for his laws, unto
everlasting life. 2 Machabees 7:1-9
He sent also that detestable
ringleader Apollonius with an army of two and twenty thousand, commanding him to slay
all those that were of perfect age, and to sell the women and the younger sort. 2
25 And through his policy
also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his
heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of
princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
Antiochus policy was slick, he
pretended and promised peace. Then, when he caught them off guard he would destroy them.
He ran his course and was finally destroyed. A human hand never touched him. The Eternal
God, that he had opposed, struck him with a plague unlike any ever described in medical
journals. This man literally rotted in his tracts. He stank so bad that he himself could
not stand the smell. In the final days of his life he was carried in a horse litter (A
horse litter was composed of two shafts that were fastened to the collar of the horse and
extended about three feet behind the horse to which were affixed a type of lounge) and he
pleaded with God (to no avail) that if God would spare his life he would renovate and
restore the temple beyond its original glory, become a Jewish proselyte, have himself
circumcised, give all Jews civil rights, and serve the God he had blasphemed. But, God
broke him without human hand, and he died in a strange land in unparallel agony.
And the man, that thought a little
afore he could reach to the stars of heaven, no man could endure to carry for his
intolerable stink. 2 Machabees 9:10
Who coming to Jerusalem, and pretending
peace, did forbear till the holy day of the sabbath, when taking the Jews keeping holy
day, he commanded his men to arm themselves. And so he slew all them that were gone
to the celebrating of the sabbath, and running through the city with weapons slew great
And I thought with myself, Into what
tribulation am I come, and how great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I was
bountiful and beloved in my power. But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem,
and that I took all the vessels of gold and silver that were therein, and sent to destroy
the inhabitants of Judea without a cause. I Machabees 6:11.12
But the Lord Almighty, the God of
Isreal, smote him with an incurable and invisible plague: or as soon as he had spoken
these words, a pain of the bowels that was remediless came upon him, and sore torments of
the inner parts; And that most justly: for he had tormented other men's bowels with many
and strange torments. Howbeit he nothing at all ceased from
his bragging, but still was filled with pride, breathing out fire in his rage against the
Jews, and commanding to haste the journey: but it came to pass, And thus he that a little
afore thought he might command the waves of the sea, (so proud was he beyond the condition
of man) and weigh the high mountains in a balance, was now cast on the ground, and carried
in an horse litter, showing forth unto all the manifest power of God. So that the worms
rose up out of the body of this wicked man, and whiles he lived in sorrow and pain, his
flesh fell away, and the filthiness of his smell was noisome to all his army. And the man,
that thought a little afore he could reach to the stars of heaven, no man could endure to
carry for his intolerable stink. He therefore, being plagued, he began to leave off his
great pride, and to come to the knowledge of himself by the scourge of God, his
pain increasing every moment. And when he himself could not abide his own smell, he
said these words, It is meet to be subject unto God, and that a man that is mortal should
not proudly think of himself if he were God. This wicked person vowed also unto the
Lord, who now no more would have mercy upon him, saying thus, That the holy city (to the
which he was going in haste to lay it even with the ground, and to make it a common
buryingplace,) he would set at liberty: And as touching the Jews, whom he had judged not
worthy so much as to be buried, but to be cast out with their children to be devoured of
the fowls and wild beasts, he would make them all equals to the citizens of Athens:
And the holy temple, which before he had spoiled, he would garnish with goodly
gifts, and restore all the holy vessels with many more, and out of his own revenue defray
the charges belonging to the sacrifices: Yea, and that also he would become a Jew
himself, and go through all the world that was inhabited, and declare the power of God.2 Machabees 9:5-17
Thus the murderer and
blasphemer having suffered most grievously, as he entreated other men, so died he a
miserable death in a strange country in the mountains. 2 Machabees 9:28
Every bridegroom took up lamentation,
and she that sat in the marriage chamber was in heaviness, The land also was moved for the
inhabitants thereof, and all the house of Jacob was covered with confusion. And after two
years fully expired the king sent his chief collector of tribute unto the cities of Juda,
who came unto Jerusalem with a great multitude, And spake peaceable words unto them,
but all was deceit: for when they had given him credence, he fell suddenly upon the
city, and smote it very sore, and destroyed much people of Israel. And when he had taken
the spoils of the city, he set it on fire, and pulled down the house, But the women and
children took they captive, and possessed the cattle. Then builded they the city of David
with a great and strong wall, and with mighty towers, and made it a strong hold for them.
And they put therein a sinful nation, wicked men, and fortified themselves therein. They
stored it also with armour and victuals, and when they had gathered together the spoils of
Jerusalem, they laid them up there, and so they became a sore snare and walls thereof on
1 Machabees 1:27-37
So that the worms rose up out of
the body of this wicked man, and whiles he lived in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell
away, and the filthiness of his smell was noisome to all his army. 2
26 And the vision of the
evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it
shall be for many days.
Daniel is to keep the vision secret
(for the time being) for it pertains to many days hence. He will tell the full story in
27 And I Daniel fainted, and
was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was
astonished at the vision, but none understood it.
Daniel lost consciousness; he was
exhausted, ill for several days, too sick to go to work and told his boss that he was
unable to discharge his duties. The vision had taken its toll on Daniel both mentally and